'United States of Bacon' Coming to Destination America

'United States of Bacon' Coming to Destination America

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New bacon-themed show will premiere December 30

Wikimedia Comming/ Cyclonebill


Bacon. And soon it will be featured even more on TV, on a new show called United States of Bacon, which will make its premiere on Destination America Dec. 30.

You might remember the host, Todd Fisher, from his previous gig as host of United States of Food, also on the network (which is owned by Discovery). He’s a California chef, and will be traveling the country in order to seek out the craziest, baconiest, food imaginable. "In the first episode," according to the Huffington Post, "Fisher samples a chunky peanut butter bacon cheeseburger, checks out a daily bacon happy hour, eats a garbage platter with five kinds of meat, and then has some bacon-wrapped meatloaf and bacon Cheddar apple pie." And so on (we already know that there are some ridiculous bacon products out there). The show will air at 10 p.m., presumably because food porn of this caliber might not be suitable for younger viewers.

Bacon: the one food that will never go out of style.

'United States of Bacon' Coming to Destination America - Recipes

The United States of America is one of the world’s largest and most diverse countries, so it makes sense that it its culinary traditions are similarly broad. Over the course of American history, food and food culture in the United States has been influenced by many different countries. American food is now a worldwide phenomenon and American food and restaurants can now be found in just about every city on the planet. We’ve put together some of our favorite recipes for your enjoyment.

But one thing that America is famous for its love of fast food: the cuisine of convenience. Since the postwar era, the United States’ meteoric rise to world prominence has caused a similarly explosive growth in interest in these foods. American fast food tradition has been shaped by the influence of poor out-groups such as African Americans and Latinos. Today, America’s embrace of the foods of convenience has never been stronger.

One particularly interesting and unique type of American food comes from deep in the bayous of Louisiana. After the US purchased the Louisiana territory from France in the nineteenth century, the French Acadians from Canada fled south into the new territory, where they joined existing French colonists, freed African slaves, and new American settlers coming from the east. There, in the swamps and bayous of the Mississippi Delta, they created the Cajun culture, a hybrid creolized group that still exists today and is famous for its unique and interesting culinary tradition.

Buffalo Gal produces some of the finest buffalo meat in the country — but right now we’re talking about bacon. The brand’s wild boar bacon is maple-smoked and has a rich, porky flavor with an earthy game quality. Plus, an overpopulation of wild boars in the American South causes tens of millions of dollars in agricultural damage per year, so frying up these strips is doing some good for the ecosystem.

Tender Belly/Facebook

The heritage hogs used in the dry-cured bacon from Tender Belly are raised in Iowa free of hormones, antibiotics, and the use of farrowing or gestation crates. Happier hogs mean better bacon, especially if it’s smoked with cherry wood like this glorious stuff is. Don’t believe it? Hear it straight from the source.

In the United States, most states give the meal a day or two before execution and use the euphemism "special meal". Alcohol or tobacco are usually, but not always, denied. Unorthodox or unavailable requests are replaced with similar substitutes. Some states place tight restrictions. In Florida, the food for the last meal must be purchased locally and the cost is limited to $40. [1] In Oklahoma, cost is limited to $15. In Louisiana, the prison warden traditionally joins the condemned prisoner for the last meal. On one occasion, the warden paid for an inmate's lobster dinner. [2]

Sometimes, a prisoner asks to share the last meal with another inmate (as Francis Crowley did with John Resko) or has the meal distributed among other inmates (as requested by Raymond Fernandez). [3]

In September 2011, the state of Texas abolished all special last meal requests after condemned prisoner and white supremacist Lawrence Russell Brewer requested a huge last meal and did not eat any of it, stating that he was not hungry. [4] [5] [2] [6] The tradition of customized last meals is thought to have been established around 1924 in Texas. [7]

This represents the items reported requested but does not, in all cases, represent what the prisoner actually received.

Europe Edit

Name Crime Country Year Method of Execution Requested Meal
Roger Casement Treason UK 1916 Hanging Sacramental bread. Casement converted to Catholicism before his execution and stated he intended to go "to my death with the body of my God as my last meal." [8]
Fritz Haarmann Serial killer Germany 1925 Decapitation by guillotine An expensive cigar and a cup of Brazilian coffee. [9]
Mathias Kneißl Murderer, Robber Germany 1902 Decapitation by guillotine Six glasses of beer. [10]
Peter Kürten Serial killer/Rapist Germany 1931 Decapitation by guillotine Wiener schnitzel, fried potatoes and a bottle of white wine. He requested a second helping and received it. [11]
Charles Peace Serial killer UK 1879 Hanging A breakfast consisting of eggs and a large amount of salty bacon. [12]

Asia Edit

Name Crime Country Year Method of Execution Requested Meal
Amrozi Terrorist involved in 2002 Bali Bombings Indonesia 2008 Firing squad Roti canai and chips made from Indian three-leaved yam. He shared same last meal with Muklas due to he and Muklas were brothers, and the foods were provided by their family. [13]
Huda bin Abdul Haq a.k.a Muklas Terrorist involved in 2002 Bali Bombings Indonesia 2008 Firing squad Roti canai and chips made from Indian three-leaved yam. He shared same last meal with Amrozi due to he and Amrozi were brothers, and the foods were provided by their family. [13]
Freddy Budiman Possession of narcotic drugs Indonesia 2016 Firing squad Homemade meals made by his ex mother-in-law: Otak-otak fish cakes, and rendang. [14]
Andrew Chan and
Myuran Sukumaran
The Australian ringleaders of the Bali Nine Indonesia 2015 Firing squad KFC. Although Indonesia does not normally grant last meal requests, Sukumaran and Chan were granted their KFC feast via officials. [15]
Cheng Chieh Mass-murderer involved in the 2014 Taipei Metro attack Taiwan 2016 Gunshot Bento, consisting of stewed pork, rice and vegetables. [16]
Leo Echegaray Rape of his 10-year-old stepdaughter Philippines 1999 Lethal injection Sardines and dried fish. When the reprieve was announced, he shared the food with relatives who had gathered at the prison. [17] His execution eventually took place on 5 February 1999.
Adolf Eichmann Holocaust perpetrator (German national) Israel 1962 Hanging Declined a special meal, instead requesting a bottle of Carmel red wine with the usual prison food of cheese, bread, olives, and tea. He drank about half of the bottle. [18]
Mona Fandey Murderer Malaysia 2001 Hanging at Kajang Prison Declined a last meal she was instead given a dinner from KFC. [19] [20]
Saddam Hussein Crimes against humanity Iraq 2006 Hanging The Times states that "he refused their offers of cigarettes and a last meal of chicken and shawarma rice." [21] Other sources state Hussein ate his last meal of chicken and rice, and had a cup of hot water with honey. However, what he actually had for his last meal remains a mystery. [22]
Ajmal Kasab Terrorist involved in the 2008 Mumbai attacks India 2012 Hanging at Pune's Yerawada jail He ate a tomato along with "jail food", and had two cups of masala tea. He also drank four bottles of mineral water. [23] [24]
Yakub Memon Terrorist involved in the 1993 Bombay bombings India 2015 Hanging at Nagpur jail Declined a special meal he was given a breakfast of upma which he did not eat. [25]
Imam Samudra Terrorist involved in 2002 Bali Bombings Indonesia 2008 Firing squad Emping mlinjo, sagon (Javanese coconut cookies), and pepes made from mackerel. [13]
John Martin Scripps Serial killer Singapore 1996 Hanging A pizza and a cup of hot chocolate. [26]
Sekarmadji Maridjan Kartosuwiryo Rebellion, waging war against Indonesia Indonesia 1962 Firing squad A lunch consisted with Rendang and rice. He shared the meal with his wife and children, but he personally did not eat it. [27]
Astini Sumiasih Murder Indonesia 2005 Firing squad Bread, squid, and assorted fruits. [28]

North America Edit

Canada Edit

Name Crime Province Year Method of Execution Requested Meal
Arthur Lucas and Ronald Turpin Murder Ontario 1962 Hanging Steak, potatoes, vegetables and pie.

United States Edit

Name Crime State Year Method of Execution Requested Meal
Clarence Ray Allen Proxy murderer California 2006 Lethal injection Buffalo steak, Frybread, Kentucky Fried Chicken, sugar-free pecan pie, sugar-free black walnut ice cream, and whole milk. He let the ice-cream thaw out for an hour and turned it into a milkshake by hand. [29]
Wanda Jean Allen Murderer Oklahoma 2001 Lethal injection A bag of chips. [30]
Stephen Wayne Anderson Murderer California 2002 Lethal injection Two grilled cheese sandwiches, one pint of cottage cheese, a hominy-corn mixture, one piece of peach pie, one pint of chocolate chip ice cream, and radishes. [31]
Lowell Lee Andrews Mass Murderer Kansas 1962 Hanging Two fried chickens with sides of mashed potatoes, green beans and Pie a la Mode. [32]
Joe Arridy Falsely accused of rape and murder Colorado 1939 Gas chamber Ice cream. [33]
Herman Dale Ashworth Murderer Ohio 2005 Lethal injection Two cheeseburgers with lettuce and mayonnaise, French fries with ketchup, one Dr. Pepper and one Mountain Dew. [34]
James David Autry Murderer Texas 1984 Lethal injection A hamburger, French fries and a Dr. Pepper. [35]
Billy Bailey Murderer Delaware 1996 Hanging A steak (well-done), a baked potato with sour cream and butter, buttered rolls, peas and vanilla ice cream. [36]
Wesley Eugene Baker Murderer Maryland 2005 Lethal injection Breaded fish, pasta marinara, green beans, orange fruit punch, bread, and milk (this was what was on the prison menu that day). [37]
Velma Barfield Murderer North Carolina 1984 Lethal injection Declined a special meal, having a bag of Cheez Doodles and a 12-ounce can of Coca-Cola instead. She was also given a special treat of a Kit-Kat by the prison warden. [38]
Odell Barnes, Jr. Murderer Texas 2000 Lethal injection "Justice, Equality, World Peace." [39]
Suzanne Basso Murderer Texas 2014 Lethal injection Baked chicken, fish, boiled eggs, carrots, green beans and sliced bread with a choice of water, tea or punch to drink.*
Donald Jay Beardslee Murderer California 2005 Lethal injection Refused a special meal and had regular prison fare of chili macaroni, salad and cake. [40]
Martha Beck Serial Killer New York 1951 Electrocution Fried chicken, fried potatoes and salad. [11]
Brandon Bernard Murderer Federal Government 2020 Lethal injection Meat lover's pizza and a brownie. [41]
Rainey Bethea Murder and rape Kentucky 1936 Hanging Fried chicken, pork chops, mashed potatoes, pickled cucumbers, cornbread, lemon pie, and ice cream. [42]
Jesse Bishop Murderer Nevada 1979 Gas chamber Filet mignon, tossed salad with Thousand Island dressing, asparagus, baked potato with sour cream and an unspecified dessert. [43]
Oscar Ray Bolin, Jr. Serial killer Florida 2016 Lethal injection Medium rare rib eye steak, a baked potato with butter and sour cream, a salad made of iceberg lettuce, cucumber and tomato, baked garlic bread, lemon meringue pie, and a bottle of Coca-Cola. [44]
William Bonin Serial murderer and rapist California 1996 Lethal injection Two pepperoni and sausage pizzas, three servings of chocolate ice cream, and three six-packs of Coca-Cola and Pepsi. [45]
Gary Ray Bowles The I-95 Killer, Serial killer Florida 2019 Lethal injection Three cheeseburgers, french fries and bacon. [46]
Andrew Howard Brannan Murderer Georgia 2015 Lethal injection Three eggs over easy, hash browns, biscuits and gravy, sausage, pecan waffles with strawberries, milk, apple juice and decaf coffee. [47]
Lawrence Russell Brewer Murderer Texas 2011 Lethal injection Two chicken fried steaks smothered in gravy with sliced onions a triple meat bacon cheeseburger with fixings on the side a cheese omelet with ground beef, tomatoes, onions, bell peppers and jalapeños a large bowl of fried okra with ketchup one pound of barbecue with half a loaf of white bread three fajitas with fixings a Meat Lovers pizza three root beers one pint of Blue Bell vanilla ice cream and a slab of peanut butter fudge with crushed peanuts. [48] Brewer's request was granted, but he refused the meal when it arrived saying that he was simply not hungry, prompting Texas to stop granting last meal requests to condemned inmates. [49]
Charles Brooks, Jr. Murderer Texas 1982 Lethal injection A T-bone steak, French fries, ketchup, Worcestershire sauce, biscuits, peach cobbler and iced tea. [50] Originally Brooks wanted fried shrimp and oysters, but the prison chef told him shellfish was not an option. [51]
Cal Coburn Brown Murderer Washington 2010 Lethal injection Combination meat pizza, apple pie, coffee, and milk.
Russell Earl Bucklew Murderer Missouri 2019 Lethal Injection For his final meal, Bucklew ordered a gyro sandwich, a smoked brisket sandwich, two orders of French fries, a cola and a banana split. [52] Previously Bucklew had a t-bone steak, caesar salad, apple pie ala mode, and a baked potato before his execution was stayed. [53]
Robert Anthony Buell Murderer Ohio 2002 Lethal injection A single, unpitted black olive.
Judy Buenoano Murderer Florida 1998 Electrocution Asparagus, broccoli, strawberries, tomatoes and a cup of tea. [54]
Ted Bundy Serial killer Florida 1989 Electrocution Declined a special meal, so he was given (but did not eat) the traditional steak (medium-rare), eggs (over easy), hash browns, toast, milk, coffee, juice, butter, and jelly. [18] [55]
Genaro Ruiz Camacho Murderer and kidnapper Texas 1998 Lethal injection A steak, a baked potato, a salad and strawberry ice cream.
Ruben Cantu Murderer Texas 1993 Lethal injection Fried chicken and rice. [56]
Scott Dawn Carpenter Murderer Oklahoma 1997 Lethal injection Barbecue beef ribs, corn on the cob, baked beans, potato salad and hot rolls served with lemonade. [57]
Desmond Keith Carter Murderer North Carolina 2002 Lethal injection Declined a special meal, but had two cheeseburgers, a steak sandwich, and two cans of Coca-Cola from the prison canteen, for which he paid $4.20 from his prison account. [58]
Richard Cartwright Murderer Texas 2005 Lethal injection Fried chicken, a cheeseburger, onion rings, French fries, bacon, sausage, cheesecake and cinnamon rolls. [59]
Oba Chandler Murderer Florida 2011 Lethal injection Two salami sandwiches on white bread with mustard, peanut butter and grape jelly sandwich on white bread, iced tea and coffee.
Marco Allen Chapman Murderer and rapist Kentucky 2008 Lethal injection A 32-ounce medium rare sirloin steak, 20 butterfly shrimp, tossed salad with ranch dressing, iced tea, and a banana cream pie.
Terry Douglas Clark Murderer New Mexico 2001 Lethal injection Several jumbo shrimp, French fries, fried okra, peach cobbler, ice cream, and a Coke.
Robert Glen Coe Murderer Tennessee 2000 Lethal injection Fried catfish, white beans, hush puppies, coleslaw, french fries, pecan pie and sweet tea.
Carroll Cole Serial killer Nevada 1985 Lethal injection Jumbo shrimp, french fries, tossed salad with French dressing, clam chowder, cookies and candy. [43]
Alton Coleman Spree Killer Ohio 2002 Lethal injection Well done filet mignon smothered with mushrooms, fried chicken breasts, a salad with French dressing, sweet potato pie with whipped cream, French fries, collard greens, onion rings, cornbread, broccoli with melted cheese, biscuits and gravy, and a cherry Coca-Cola.
Lisa Ann Coleman Murderer Texas 2014 Lethal injection A fried pork chop, macaroni and cheese, carrots, green beans, navy beans, sliced bread and pineapple orange cake with a choice of water, tea or punch to drink.* [60]
Richard Cooey Murder and rape Ohio 2008 Lethal injection T-bone steak with A-1 sauce, onion rings, French fries, four eggs over easy, toast with butter, hash browns, a pint of rocky road ice cream, a Mountain Dew soft drink and authentic bear claw pastries [61]
Francis Crowley Murderer New York 1932 Electrocution Steak and onions, French fries, apple pie, ice cream and melted ice cream. [11]
Ignacio Cuevas Perpetrator of the 1974 Huntsville Prison Siege Texas 1991 Lethal injection Chicken and dumplings, steamed rice, sliced bread, black-eyed peas, and iced tea. [62]
Allen Lee Davis Murderer Florida 1999 Electrocution One lobster tail, fried potatoes, a half-pound of fried shrimp, six ounces of fried clams, half a loaf of garlic bread, and 32 ounces of Barq's root beer. [63]
Gary Lee Davis Murderer Colorado 1997 Lethal injection Chocolate and vanilla ice cream cups, shared with the prison superintendent and a manager. [64]
Troy Anthony Davis Alleged murderer Georgia 2011 Lethal injection Declined a special meal and was offered the standard meal tray: Grilled cheeseburgers, oven-browned potatoes, baked beans, coleslaw, cookies and a grape drink. [65]
David Thomas Dawson Murderer Montana 2006 Lethal injection Two double cheeseburgers, two large servings of French fries, a half gallon of vanilla fudge ripple ice cream, and two bottles of Dr. Pepper.
John Deering Murderer Utah 1938 Firing squad Pheasant. [66]
Ángel Nieves Díaz Murderer Florida 2006 Lethal injection Declined a special meal. He was served the regular prison meal for that day consisting of shredded turkey with taco seasoning, shredded cheese, rice, pinto beans, tortilla shells, apple crisp and iced tea, but declined that as well. [67]
Westley Allan Dodd The Vancouver Child Killer, serial killer and child molester Washington 1993 Hanging Salmon and potatoes. [68]
Elizabeth Ann Duncan Proxy murderer California 1962 Gas chamber A steak and a salad. [69]
John David Duty Murderer Oklahoma 2010 Lethal injection A double cheeseburger with mayonnaise, a foot-long hot dog with cheese, mustard and extra onions, a cherry limeade, and a large banana milkshake. [70]
James Homer Elledge Murderer Washington 2001 Lethal injection Eggs, bacon, waffles, sweet roll, cereal and orange juice. Elledge did not eat the dinner despite requesting it his last meal was instead a breakfast consisting of apple juice, oatmeal, toast, hash browns, coffee and eggs. [71]
Victor Feguer Murderer Federal Government 1963 Hanging Requested a single olive with the pit still in it. [72]
Raymond Fernandez Serial Killer New York 1951 Electrocution Onion omelet, french fries, chocolate candy, and a Cuban cigar.
Samuel Russell Flippen Murderer North Carolina 2006 Lethal injection Popcorn shrimp, hush puppies, french fries and a Coke. [73]
Melbert Ray Ford, Jr. Murderer Georgia 2010 Lethal injection Fried fish, shrimp, a baked potato, salad, boiled corn, ice cream, cheesecake and soda. [74]
Joseph Paul Franklin Serial Killer Missouri 2013 Lethal injection Declined the last meal, but had a lunch of roast beef and potatoes.
James Garrett Freeman Murderer Texas 2016 Lethal injection Pepper steak with brown gravy, steamed rice, mixed greens, a vegetable blend, black-eyed peas, sliced bread, chocolate cake with peanut butter icing, and a choice of water, tea or punch. He is believed to have drunk the punch.* [44]
John Wayne Gacy Serial killer Illinois 1994 Lethal injection A dozen deep-fried shrimp, a bucket of original recipe Kentucky Fried Chicken, French fries, a pound of strawberries, and a bottle of Diet Coke. [75]
Gustavo Julian Garcia Murderer Texas 2016 Lethal injection Chicken patties, macaroni and cheese, sweet peas, carrots, pinto beans, sliced bread, and a choice of water, tea or punch to drink.* [44]
Humberto Leal Garcia Murderer and Rapist Texas 2011 Lethal injection Fried chicken, Pico de gallo, tacos, two colas and a bowl of fried okra. [76]
Ronnie Lee Gardner Murderer Utah 2010 Firing squad Lobster tail, steak, apple pie with vanilla ice cream, and 7 Up. He also requested to watch The Lord of the Rings film trilogy while he ate his meal. [77]
Johnny Frank Garrett Murderer Texas 1992 Lethal injection Ice cream. [78]
Carlton Michael Gary Serial killer Georgia 2018 Lethal injection Declined a special meal and requested the regular prison meal of the day: a grilled hamburger, a hot dog, white beans, coleslaw and grape beverage. [79]
Juan Raul Garza Murderer and drug trafficker Federal Government 2001 Lethal injection Steak, French fries, onion rings, three slices of bread, and a soda.
Kenneth Edward Gentry Murderer Texas 1997 Lethal injection Butter beans, mashed potatoes, onions, tomatoes, biscuits, chocolate cake and Dr. Pepper. [80]
Gary Gilmore Murderer Utah 1977 Firing squad A hamburger, hard-boiled eggs, a baked potato, a few cups of coffee, and three shots of contraband Jack Daniel's whiskey. [18] [75] [81]
Kelly Renee Gissendaner Murderer Georgia 2015 Lethal injection Cheese dip with chips, Texas nachos with fajita meat and a diet frosted lemonade. Previously Gissendaner had cornbread, buttermilk, two Burger King Whoppers, two large orders of French fries, cherry vanilla ice cream, popcorn, lemonade and a salad with boiled eggs, tomatoes, green peppers, onions, carrots, cheese and Paul Newman buttermilk dressing before her execution was stayed. [82]
Arthur Frederick Goode III Murderer Florida 1984 Electrocution A steak, corn, broccoli and cookies. [83]
David Alan Gore Serial killer Florida 2012 Lethal injection Fried chicken, french fries & butter pecan ice cream. [84]
Barbara Graham Murderer California 1955 Gas chamber A milkshake and a chocolate sundae. [85]
Thomas J. Grasso Murderer Oklahoma 1995 Lethal injection Two dozen steamed mussels, two dozen steamed clams, a double cheeseburger from Burger King, half-dozen barbecued spare ribs, two strawberry milkshakes, half a pumpkin pie with whipped cream, and diced strawberries. He also had a 16-ounce can of spaghetti with meatballs, served at room temperature. [86] However, he issued a public statement complaining that he had requested SpaghettiOs, not regular canned spaghetti. [87]
Randy Greenawalt Serial killer Arizona 1997 Lethal injection Two cheeseburgers, french fries with extra salt, coffee with milk. [88]
Scott Allen Hain Murderer Oklahoma 2003 Lethal injection Three cheeseburgers, three orders of onion rings, ice cream and a Slush. [89]
Donald Eugene Harding Murderer Arizona 1992 Gas chamber Several Fried Eggs, Several Strips of bacon, toast, butter, honey and orange juice. [90]
Robert Alton Harris Murderer California 1992 Gas Chamber A 21-piece bucket of KFC, two large Domino's Pizzas (no anchovies), ice cream, a bag of jelly beans, a six-pack of Pepsi, and a pack of Camel cigarettes. [91] [92] The pizza was actually a Tombstone Pizza, per Vernell Crittendon's orders. [93] Crittendon worked at the prison and was responsible for dealing with the condemned person before his execution.
Edward Ernest Hartman Murderer North Carolina 2003 Lethal injection A Greek salad, linguini with white clam sauce, cheesecake with cherry topping, garlic bread, and Coca-Cola. [94]
Bruno Richard Hauptmann Lindbergh kidnapping and murder New Jersey 1936 Electrocution Celery, stuffed green olives, roast chicken, french fried potatoes, buttered peas, cherries, and a slice of white cake. [18]
Gary Michael Heidnik Murderer Pennsylvania 1999 Lethal injection Two slices of a cheese pizza and two cups of black coffee. [95]
Warren Lee Hill, Jr. Murderer Georgia 2015 Lethal injection Declined a special meal and was offered the institutional meal tray, consisting of shepherd's pie, mashed potatoes, red beans, cabbage relish salad, cornbread, sugar cookies and fruit punch. [96]
Mark Hopkinson Proxy murderer Wyoming 1992 Lethal injection Pizza, shared with his mother and other family members. He later asked for and received a fruit plate.
James Barney Hubbard Murderer Alabama 2004 Lethal injection Two eggs over-medium, four pieces of bacon, sliced tomatoes, fried green tomatoes, pineapple slices with mayonnaise, white bread, a banana and a medium-sized bottle of V8 juice.
Ralph Hudson Murderer New Jersey 1963 Electrocution Prime rib steak, ice cream and a cigar.
Billy Ray Irick Murderer Tennessee 2018 Lethal injection A 'deluxe combo' meal consisting of a double patty bacon cheeseburger with mayonnaise, mustard, lettuce, tomato and pickles, a large order of onion rings, a large Coca-Cola with a wedge of lime, and an extra-large strawberry-banana milkshake.
Shannon M. Johnson Murderer Delaware 2012 Lethal Injection Chicken lo Mein, carrots, cake, wheat bread and margarine and iced tea. [97]
Brandon Astor Jones Murderer Georgia 2016 Lethal injection Refused the option of choosing his last meal, so was given the standard issue menu of chicken and rice, rutabaga, seasoned turnip greens, dry white beans, cornbread, bread pudding and fruit punch. [44]
Jack Harold Jones, Jr. Serial killer Arkansas 2017 Lethal injection Fried chicken, potato logs with tartar sauce, beef jerky bites, three candy bars, a chocolate milkshake and fruit punch. [98]
Louis Jones, Jr. Murderer Federal Government 2003 Lethal injection Whole fruit: peaches, plums and nectarines. [99]
John Joubert Serial killer Nebraska 1996 Electrocution Pizza with green pepper and onions, strawberry cheesecake, and Coca-Cola.
Barton Kay Kirkham Robber and murderer Utah 1958 Hanging Pizzas and ice cream. [100]
Thomas Knight Murderer Florida 2014 Lethal injection Sweet potato pie, coconut cake, banana nut bread, a quarter bottle of Sprite, two tablespoons of strawberries, butter-pecan ice cream, vanilla ice cream and Fritos corn chips. [101]
Andrew Reid Lackey Murderer Alabama 2013 Lethal injection Turkey bologna, French fries, and grilled cheese.
Karl-Heinz LaGrand Murderer Arizona 1999 Lethal injection Two BLT sandwiches on white bread with mayonnaise, four fried eggs (over easy), a medium portion of hash browns, two breakfast rolls with strawberry jelly, half a pint of pineapple sherbet, a cup of coffee, a medium slice of German chocolate cake with coconut-caramel icing and a cup of milk. [102]
Walter Bernhard LaGrand Murderer Arizona 1999 Gas chamber Six fried eggs (over easy), 16 strips of bacon, a large serving of hash browns, a pint of pineapple sherbet, a breakfast steak (well-done), a cup of ice, a 7 Up, a Dr Pepper, a Coke, hot sauce, a cup of coffee, two packs of sugar and four Rolaids. [102]
Jeffrey Timothy Landrigan Murderer Arizona 2010 Lethal injection Steak, fried okra, French fries, strawberry shake and Dr. Pepper. [90]
Ledell Lee Murdered his neighbor Arkansas 2017 Lethal injection Chose to receive Holy Communion as his last meal. [103]
Teresa Lewis Proxy murderer Virginia 2010 Lethal injection Two fried chicken breasts, sweet peas with butter, a Dr Pepper and apple pie for dessert. [104]
Stanley Dewaine Lingar Murderer Missouri 2001 Lethal injection Corned beef sandwiches and french fries. [105]
Clayton Derrell Lockett Murderer Oklahoma 2014 Lethal injection Steak, shrimp, a large baked potato and a Kentucky bourbon pecan pie. The meal was denied because it exceeded the $15 limit. He rejected a separate offer from the warden for a dinner from Western Sizzlin'. [106]
Bobby Joe Long Serial killer Florida 2019 Lethal injection Roast beef, bacon, french fries and soda. [107]
Daryl Linnie Mack Murderer Nevada 2006 Lethal injection Fish fillet sandwich, French fries and a soft drink. [43]
Rhonda Belle Martin Serial killer Alabama 1957 Electrocution A hamburger, mashed potatoes, cinammon rolls and coffee. [108]
David Mason Murderer California 1993 Gas chamber Declined a special meal, but chose to have some ice water while waiting in his cell.
Kimberly McCarthy Murderer Texas 2013 Lethal injection Pepper steak, mashed potatoes with gravy, mixed vegetables and white cake with chocolate icing with a choice of water, tea or punch to drink.* McCarthy was the 500th person executed by the state of Texas since 1976. [109]
Kenneth Allen McDuff Serial killer Texas 1998 Lethal injection Two T-bone steaks with all the fixings. [110]
Duncan Peder McKenzie, Jr. Murderer Montana 1995 Lethal injection Tenderloin steak, french fries, a tossed salad, orange sherbet and whole milk. [111]
Harold I. McQueen, Jr. Murderer Kentucky 1997 Electrocution Two cheesecakes, shared with his attorney.
Timothy McVeigh Domestic terrorist/mass murder Federal Government 2001 Lethal injection Two pints of mint chocolate chip ice cream. [112] [113]
Emeline Meaker Murderer Vermont 1883 Hanging Two boiled eggs, two slices of toast, a potato, a donut and a cup of coffee. [114]
Carey Dean Moore Murderer Nebraska 2018 Lethal injection Pizza with bacon, beef, cheese and mushrooms, Pepsi, and strawberry cheesecake.
Harry Charles Moore Murderer Oregon 1997 Lethal injection Two green apples, two red apples, a tray of fresh fruit and two 2-liter bottles of Coca-Cola.
Richard Allen Moran Murderer Nevada 1996 Lethal injection Lasagna, chicken Parmesan, salad and ice cream. [43]
Stephen Peter Morin Serial killer Texas 1985 Lethal injection A T-bone steak, a baked potato, butter, sweet green peas, bread rolls, banana pudding and coffee. [115]
Leon Moser Mass Murderer Pennsylvania 1995 Lethal injection A large cheese pizza, cheese slices, cold cuts, pasta salad, iced cup cakes and a 2-liter bottle of Coca-Cola.
John Allen Muhammad The Beltway Sniper, murder Virginia 2009 Lethal injection Chicken with red sauce and several cakes. [116]
Eric Randall Nance Murderer Arkansas 2005 Lethal injection Two bacon cheeseburgers, french fries, two pints of chocolate chip cookie dough ice cream, and two bottles of Coca-Cola.
Jay Wesley Neill Mass murderer Oklahoma 2002 Lethal injection A double cheeseburger, French fries, peach or cherry cobbler, a pint of vanilla ice cream and a large bottle of cranberry-grape juice. [117]
Eric Charles Nenno Murderer and Rapist Texas 2008 Lethal injection A grilled cheeseburger, four fish patties, six hard boiled eggs and coffee. [118]
John B. Nixon Murderer Mississippi 2005 Lethal injection A T-bone steak (well-done), buttered asparagus spears, a baked potato with sour cream, peach pie, vanilla ice cream and sweet tea. [119]
Ronald Clark O'Bryan Murderer Texas 1984 Lethal injection T-bone steak (medium to well done), French fries with ketchup, whole kernel corn, sweet peas, a lettuce and tomato salad with egg and French dressing, iced tea, sweetener, saltines, Boston cream pie, and rolls. [39]
Steven Howard Oken Spree killer Maryland 2004 Lethal injection A chicken patty with potatoes and gravy, green beans, marble cake, milk and fruit punch, the regular prison meal of the day. [120]
Elijah Page Murderer South Dakota 2007 Lethal injection Steak, jalapeño peppers with cream sauce, onion rings, a salad with cherry tomatoes, ham chunks, shredded cheese, bacon bits, and blue cheese and ranch dressing, coffee, lemon iced tea, and ice cream.
Manuel Pardo, Jr. Serial killer Florida 2012 Lethal injection Rice, red beans, roasted pork, plantains, avocado, tomatoes, olive oil, pumpkin pie, egg nog, and Cuban Coffee. [121]
Joseph Mitchell Parsons Murderer Utah 1999 Lethal injection Three Burger King Whoppers, two large orders of fries, a chocolate shake, chocolate chip ice cream, and a package of grape Hubba Bubba bubblegum, to be shared with his brother and a cousin. [122]
Ronald Ray Phillips Murderer and Rapist Ohio 2017 Lethal injection A large cheese, bell pepper and mushroom pizza strawberry cheesecake, a piece of unleavened bread, a Pepsi and grape juice. [123]
Michael Kent Poland Murderer Arizona 1999 Lethal injection Three Fried eggs, sunny side up four slices of bacon one order of hash brown potatoes two slices of whole wheat toast, with two pats of real butter two individual serving size boxes of Raisin Bran cereal two cartons of milk two cups of Tasters Choice coffee. [90]
Marion Albert Pruett Spree killer Arkansas 1999 Lethal injection A stuffed crust pizza from Pizza Hut, four Burger King Whoppers, a large order of French fries, three two-liter bottles of Pepsi, a bucket of ice, a bottle of ketchup, salt, fried eggplant, fried squash, fried okra, and a pecan pie. In an interview prior to his execution date, he said he was going to share his last meal with another inmate who was going to be executed the same day. He went on to say he originally wanted to have a roast duck for his last meal, but declined because he felt the prison would likely not prepare it.
Ricky Ray Rector Murderer Arkansas 1992 Lethal injection Steak, fried chicken, cherry Kool-Aid, and a pecan pie. Rector, rendered mentally incapacitated by his suicide attempt after murdering a police officer, said that he did not eat the pie because he was "saving it for later". [124]
Christina Marie Riggs Murderer Arkansas 2000 Lethal injection Supreme pizza, salad, fried okra, cherry limeade and strawberry shortcake. [54]
Danny Rolling The Gainesville Ripper, serial murderer Florida 2006 Lethal injection Lobster tail, butterfly shrimp, baked potato, strawberry cheesecake, and sweet tea. [125]
Michael Bruce Ross Serial murder Connecticut 2005 Lethal injection Declined a special meal, but dined on the regular prison meal of the day: turkey à la king with rice, mixed vegetables, white bread, fruit, and a beverage. [126]
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti Murderers (Case still open) Massachusetts 1927 Electrocution Soup, meat, toast and tea.
Mark Dean Schwab Murderer Florida 2008 Lethal injection Fried eggs (over easy), bacon, sausage links, hash browns, buttered toast, and a quart of chocolate milk.
Sean Richard Sellers Serial Killer Oklahoma 1999 Lethal Injection Eggrolls, sweet and sour shrimp, and batter-fried shrimp.
Joseph Carl Shaw Murderer South Carolina 1985 Electrocution Pizza and tossed salad. [127]
Perry Edward Smith and Richard Eugene Hickock Mass murders Kansas 1965 Hanging Shrimp, French fries, garlic bread, ice cream, and strawberries with whipped cream. [18]
Ruth Snyder Murderer New York 1928 Electrocution Chicken Parmesan with alfredo pasta, ice cream, two milkshakes, and a 12-pack of grape soda. [12]
Gerald Eugene Stano Serial killer Florida 1998 Electrocution Delmonico steak, a baked potato with sour cream and bacon bits, tossed salad with Roquefort dressing, lima beans, a half gallon of mint chocolate-chip ice cream, and a 2 litre bottle of Pepsi. [128]
Charles Starkweather Murderer Nebraska 1959 Electrocution Declined the usual steak dinner, asking for assorted cold cuts instead.
Brian David Steckel Murderer Delaware 2005 Lethal injection Cheesesteak, coleslaw, and a Pepsi-Cola.
Joseph Taborsky Spree Killer Connecticut 1960 Electrocution Banana split, cherry soda, coffee with cream and sugar, and a pack of cigarettes.
John Albert Taylor Murderer Utah 1996 Firing squad Antacid medicine, a cigarette, and pizzas "with everything." [129]
Thomas Martin Thompson Murderer California 1998 Lethal injection Alaskan king crab with melted butter, spinach salad, pork fried rice, Mandarin-style spare ribs, hot fudge sundae and a six-pack of Coca Cola. [130]
William Paul Thompson Serial killer Nevada 1989 Lethal injection Four double bacon cheeseburgers, french fries and a large Coke. [43]
Karla Faye Tucker Murderer Texas 1998 Lethal injection A banana, a peach and a salad with either Ranch or Italian dressing. [131]
Robert Van Hook Murderer Ohio 2018 Lethal injection Double cheeseburgers, fries, strawberry cheesecake with whipped cream, a vanilla milkshake and grapefruit juice. [132]
Pablo Lucio Vasquez Murderer Texas 2016 Lethal injection Salisbury steak, steamed rice, brown gravy, a vegetable blend, sweet peas, ranch style beans, sliced bread, and butterscotch brownies with a choice of water, tea or punch to drink.* [44]
Adam Kelly Ward Murderer Texas 2016 Lethal injection Beef soft tacos, Spanish rice, salsa, mixed greens, corn, refried beans, and flour tortillas with a choice of water, tea or punch to drink.* [44]
Coy Wayne Wesbrook Murderer Texas 2016 Lethal injection Baked chicken, mashed potatoes, country gravy, green beans, sliced bread, and mandarin orange cake with a choice of water, tea or punch to drink.* However, he refused that meal, wishing Texas could offer last meal requests again. [44]
Dobie Gillis Williams Murderer Louisiana 1999 Lethal injection Twelve chocolate bars and some ice cream.
Stanley Tookie Williams III Murderer California 2005 Lethal injection Declined a special meal, [133] but had some oatmeal and milk before his execution. [134]
Marion Wilson, Jr. Murderer Georgia 2019 Lethal injection One medium thin-crust pizza with everything, 20 buffalo wings, one pint of butter pecan ice cream, some apple pie and grape juice. [135]
Hastings Arthur Wise Mass murderer South Carolina 2005 Lethal injection Lobster tail, french fries, coleslaw, banana pudding and milk. [136]
Joseph Rudolph Wood III Murderer Arizona 2014 Lethal injection Two cookies. [90]
Bobby Wayne Woods Murderer, kidnapper and rapist Texas 2009 Lethal injection Two chicken fried steaks, two fried chicken breasts, three fried pork chops, two hamburgers with lettuce, tomato, onion and salad dressing, four slices of bread, half a pound of fried potatoes with onion, half a pound of onion rings with ketchup, half a pan of chocolate cake with icing and two pitchers of milk.
Steven Michael Woods, Jr. Murderer Texas 2011 Lethal injection 2 pounds of bacon, a large 4-meat pizza, 4 fried chicken breasts, 2 drinks each of Mountain Dew, Pepsi, root beer and sweet tea, 2 pints of ice cream, 5 chicken fried steaks, 2 hamburgers with bacon, french fries, and a dozen garlic bread sticks with marinara on the side.
Nathaniel Woods Murderer Alabama 2020 Lethal injection Sweet potatoes, spinach, chicken patty, chicken leg quarter, cooked apples, fries, two oranges and orange flavored drink. [137]
Philip Ray Workman Murderer Tennessee 2007 Lethal injection Declined a special meal for himself, but he asked for a large vegetarian pizza to be given to a homeless person in Nashville, Tennessee. This request was denied by the prison, but carried out by others across the country. [138] [139]
Douglas Wright Murderer Oregon 1996 Lethal injection One honey bun.
Matthew Eric Wrinkles Mass Murderer Indiana 2009 Lethal injection Prime rib, a "loaded" baked potato, pork chops with steak fries, rolls and two salads with ranch dressing. [140]
Aileen Wuornos Serial killer Florida 2002 Lethal injection Declined a special meal, but had a hamburger and other snack food from the prison's canteen. Later, she drank a cup of coffee. [58]
Edmund Zagorski Murderer Tennessee 2018 Electrocution Pickled ham hocks and pig tails.
Keith Zettlemoyer Murderer Pennsylvania 1995 Lethal injection Two cheeseburgers, fries, chocolate pudding and chocolate milk. [141]
William G. Zuern, Jr. Murderer Ohio 2004 Lethal injection Mashed potatoes and gravy, lasagna, macaroni and cheese, corn, garlic bread, chocolate milk, and cherry cheesecake.

(*) Texas abolished last meal requests in 2011, so all death row inmates in Texas after 2011 were given normal prison food. [142]


Pasta and cheese casseroles were recorded in the 14th century in the Italian cookbook, Liber de Coquina, which featured a dish of Parmesan and pasta. A cheese and pasta casserole known as makerouns was recorded in the 14th-century medieval English cookbook, the Forme of Cury. [6] It was made with fresh, hand-cut pasta which was sandwiched between a mixture of melted butter and cheese. The recipe given (in Middle English) was:

Take and make a thynne foyle of dowh. and kerve it on pieces, and cast hem on boiling water & seeþ it well. take cheese and grate it and butter cast bynethen and above as losyns. and serue forth.

This is the above recipe in modern English:

Make a thin foil [sheet] of dough and carve [cut] it in pieces. Cast [place] them in boiling water and seethe [boil] them well. take cheese and grate it and add it and cast [place] butter beneath and above as with losyns [a dish similar to lasagne], and serve forth [serve]. [7]

The first modern recipe for macaroni and cheese was included in Elizabeth Raffald's 1770 book, The Experienced English Housekeeper. Raffald's recipe is for a Béchamel sauce with cheddar cheese—a Mornay sauce in French cooking—which is mixed with macaroni, sprinkled with Parmesan, and baked until bubbly and golden. Another recipe from 1784 stated that the small tubes of macaroni must be boiled, then drained in a sifter before being moved to a frying pan. Heavy cream is then added to the macaroni along with a "knob of butter" rolled in flour, and it must be cooked for five minutes before being transferred to a dish and topped with toasted Parmesan and pepper. [8] The famous British Victorian cookbook Mrs. Beeton's Book of Household Management included two instances of "Macaroni, as usually served with the Cheese Course". One of them states:

The macaroni, (which should be "tender but perfectly firm, no part being allowed to melt, and the form entirely preserved" – lest one be tempted to cook it for so long it actually disintegrated) is then topped with more cheese, pepper, and breadcrumbs, before receiving a final dose of melted butter for good measure and being placed before a "bright fire" to brown the crumbs, or grilled with a salamander broiler. [9]

In the United Kingdom, during the 2010s, it has seen a surge in popularity, becoming widespread as a meal and as a side order in both fast food and upmarket restaurants. [10]

US history Edit

The US president Thomas Jefferson and James Hemings, his chef and slave, encountered macaroni in Paris and brought the recipe back to Monticello. Jefferson drew a sketch of the pasta and wrote detailed notes on the extrusion process. In 1793, he commissioned the US ambassador to France William Short to purchase a machine for making it. Evidently, the machine was not suitable, as Jefferson later imported both macaroni and Parmesan cheese for his use at Monticello. [11] In 1802, Jefferson served "a pie called macaroni" at a state dinner. The menu of the dinner was reported by Reverend Manasseh Cutler, who apparently was not fond of the cheesy macaroni casserole. [12] Nevertheless, since that time, baked macaroni and cheese has remained popular in the United States.

A recipe called "macaroni and cheese" appeared in the 1824 cookbook The Virginia Housewife written by Mary Randolph. Randolph's recipe had three ingredients: macaroni, cheese, and butter, layered together and baked in a hot oven. [13] The cookbook was the most influential cookbook of the 19th century, according to culinary historian Karen Hess. [14] Similar recipes for macaroni and cheese occur in the 1852 Hand-book of Useful Arts, and the 1861 Godey's Lady's Book. By the mid-1880s, cookbooks as far west as Kansas and Festus, Missouri, included recipes for macaroni and cheese casseroles. Factory production of the main ingredients made the dish affordable, and recipes made it accessible, but not notably popular. As it became accessible to a broader section of society, macaroni and cheese lost its upper-class appeal. [15]

Canadian history Edit

Macaroni and cheese was brought to Canada by British immigrants, coming from other parts of the British Empire. Macaroni and cheese recipes have been attested in Canada since at least Modern Practical Cookery in 1845, which suggests a puff pastry lining (suggesting upper-class refinement) a sauce of cream, egg yolks, mace, and mustard and grated Parmesan or Cheshire cheese on top. Canadian Cheddar cheese was also becoming popularized at this time and was likely also used during that era. [16]

Macaroni and cheese is very popular in contemporary Canada. Kraft Dinner is the most popular brand of packaged macaroni and cheese. Sasha Chapman, writing in The Walrus, considered it to be Canada's national dish, ahead of poutine. [16] In fact, Canadians purchase nearly 25% of the seven million boxes of Kraft Dinner sold worldwide each week. [17]

Pasta other than macaroni are often used: almost any short-cut extruded pasta and many of the decorative cut pasta will do, particularly those with folds and pockets to hold the cheese. The dish may still be referred to as "macaroni and cheese" when made with a different pasta while "shells and cheese" are sometimes used when it is made with Conchiglie.

While Cheddar cheese is most commonly used for macaroni and cheese, other cheeses may also be used — usually sharp in flavor — and two or more cheeses can be combined. Other cheeses can be used such as Gruyere, Gouda, Havarti, and Jarlsberg cheese. [18]

Macaroni and cheese can be made by simply layering slices of cheese and pasta (often with butter and/or evaporated milk) then baking in a casserole, rather than preparing as a cheese sauce. [2] Also, some like to include a crunchy topping to their baked macaroni and cheese by topping it off with bread crumbs or crushed crackers, which also keeps the noodles on top from drying out when baking.

One novelty presentation is deep-fried macaroni and cheese found at fairs and food carts. [19] In Scotland, macaroni and cheese can often be found incorporated into a pastry shell, known as a macaroni pie. Macaroni and cheese pizza can be found in some American restaurants, such as Cicis. [20]

A similar traditional dish in Switzerland is called Älplermagronen (Alpine herder's macaroni), which is also available in boxed versions. Älplermagronen are made of macaroni, cream, cheese, roasted onions, and in some recipes, potatoes. In the Canton of Uri, the potatoes are traditionally omitted, and in some regions, bacon or ham is added. The cheese is often Emmental cheese or Appenzeller cheese. It is usually accompanied by apple sauce.

Packaged macaroni and cheese are available in frozen form or as boxed ingredients for simplified preparation. Boston Market, Michelina's, Kraft, Cracker Barrel and Stouffer's are some of the more recognizable brands of prepared and frozen macaroni and cheese available in the United States. "Macaroni and cheese loaf", a deli meat which contains both macaroni and processed cheese bits, can be found in some stores. [22]

A variety of packaged mixes that are prepared in a sauce pan on the stove or in a microwave oven are available. They are usually modeled on Kraft Macaroni & Cheese (known as Kraft Dinner in Canada), which was introduced in 1937 with the slogan "make a meal for four in nine minutes." It was an immediate success in the US and Canada amidst the economic hardships of the Depression. During the Second World War, rationing led to increased popularity for the product which could be obtained two boxes for one food rationing stamp. [23] The 1953 Better Homes and Gardens Cookbook includes a recipe using Velveeta, which had been reformulated in that year. The boxed Kraft product is popular in Canada, where it is the most-purchased grocery item in the country. [ citation needed ]

Boxed mixes consist of uncooked pasta and either a liquid cheese sauce (often labeled "deluxe") or powdered ingredients to prepare it. The powdered cheese sauce is mixed with either milk or water, and margarine, butter, or olive oil and added to the cooked pasta. Some mixes prepared in a microwave cook the pasta in the sauce.

Another popular variant is jarred macaroni cheese sauce, which is especially popular in the UK and US, available under the Dolmio and Ragú brands, among others. The pasta is purchased and prepared separately, then mixed with the heated cheese sauce.

Powdered cheese sauce, very similar to what is found inside a box of macaroni and cheese mix, is also sold without the pasta. This product is produced by several companies, most notably Bisto, Cabot, Annie's and Kraft.

A number of different products on the market use this basic formulation with minor variations in ingredients. [24]

Although high in carbohydrates, calories, fat, and salt, macaroni and cheese is a source of protein and certain variations of the dish can decrease the negative health aspects. [25]

“A Side of Mashed, Please.”

Though Allen said that the Irish are eating fewer potatoes than in the past, Chef Garrett Byrne, named Best Chef at the 2012 Irish Restaurant Awards, said it would be unusual not to get potatoes with your main course, even at a high end restaurant. Johnson added they are often served at home as well, fashioned in a variety of ways ranging from boiled to mashed to fried to a gratin.

Before the introduction of the potato to Irish cuisine, milk, cheese, meat, cereals, and certain vegetables composed the Irish diet, McMeel said. After the early 18th century, no meal was considered complete without them, he said. The Great Famine killed nearly a million people over a span of five years in the mid-1800s.

Corned beef and cabbage is not actually real Irish food. The traditional dish is Ireland's version of bacon with cabbage. (Photo: Tourism Ireland)

12 restaurants America loves. With recipes!

From Los Angeles to Atlanta to Chicago to New York, restaurants all over the country are dealing with trying times. Steakhouses, sushi bars, taquerias and bistros — we miss them all, and they miss us. We reached out to a dozen chefs and proprietors, to hear a little about their stories and their worlds today. And we have a great recipe from each, so you can recreate a little of their food in your kitchen.

Takeout-Style Sesame Noodles

Hwa Yuan, New York City

Chien Lieh Tang, the chef of Hwa Yuan in Manhattan’s Chinatown, grew up in the kitchens of his family’s restaurants in Taipei, Taiwan. “I remember watching the chefs spread the hot noodles on ice,” he said in a recent video call, demonstrating the gentle, draping hand motions used to make the spicy cold noodles dressed with sesame paste that were popular in hot Taiwanese summers.

He added, “Every ingredient in the sauce was put together at the last minute,” and then switched over to furious whisking.

The Tang family’s roots are in Nanchong, in Sichuan province, China, where fresh noodles slicked with dried chiles and Sichuan peppercorns are classic street food. Like about 2 million others from mainland China, Tang’s parents moved to Taiwan when the communists took over in 1949 after a civil war. When immigration restrictions were lifted in 1965, many moved on to the United States, including Tang’s father, Yu Fa Tang (nicknamed Shorty).

He opened a restaurant in Chinatown in 1967 and became a successful restaurateur with multiple Sichuanese restaurants in Manhattan and a much-copied recipe for cold noodles — made without Sichuan peppercorns, then unavailable in New York. But he died young, and the original Hwa Yuan Szechuan Inn closed in 1991.

Today, Tang, 67, and his son, James, 35, who helps run the business, are luckier than most Chinatown restaurant owners in the pandemic. The family owns the building, so they do not have to worry about rent, a tremendous barrier to reopening in New York. They have been able to keep the kitchen running for delivery and takeout with a skeleton crew of cooks.

The Tangs have never shared the recipe for their sesame noodles. But The New York Times developed a home-cooking version of it in 2007, with a common twist: substituting peanut butter if the right kind of sesame paste is hard to come by.

Tang said that after the restaurant reopened with an elegant makeover in 2017 and received a two-star review in The Times, there had been a constant flow of customers who announced that they were there to honor a first date, an engagement or a love affair with carp in hot bean sauce, the first dish he ever learned to make.

Anti-Chinese vitriol and violence have risen across the country because of misinformation about the coronavirus, and many Chinese restaurants have been forced to shut down completely because employees fear leaving their own neighborhoods. Still, Tang said, it was tourists, not local residents, who avoided Chinese restaurants in February, when business was down by 40%.

“New Yorkers know better than that,” he said. “We are all in this together.”

Recipe: Takeout-Style Sesame Noodles

1 pound noodles, frozen or (preferably) fresh

2 tablespoons sesame oil, plus a splash

3 1/2 tablespoons soy sauce

2 tablespoons Chinese rice vinegar

2 tablespoons Chinese sesame paste

1 tablespoon smooth peanut butter

1 tablespoon finely grated ginger

2 teaspoons minced garlic

2 teaspoons chile-garlic paste, chile crisp or chile oil, or to taste

Half a cucumber, peeled, seeded and cut into 1/8-inch by 1/8-inch by 2-inch sticks

1/4 cup chopped roasted peanuts

1. Bring a large pot of water to a boil. Add noodles and cook until barely tender, about 5 minutes. They should retain a hint of chewiness. Drain, rinse with cold water, drain again and toss with a splash of sesame oil.

2. In a medium bowl, whisk together the remaining 2 tablespoons sesame oil, the soy sauce, rice vinegar, sesame paste, peanut butter, sugar, ginger, garlic and chili-garlic paste.

3. Pour the sauce over the noodles and toss. Transfer to a serving bowl, and garnish with cucumber and peanuts.

Tips: The Chinese sesame paste called for here is made of toasted sesame seeds it is not the same as tahini, the Middle Eastern paste made of plain, untoasted sesame. But you could use tahini in a pinch. You need only add a little toasted sesame oil to compensate for flavor, and perhaps some peanut butter to keep the sauce emulsified.

Phoenicia, Birmingham, Michigan

For decades, diners at Phoenicia, a Lebanese restaurant in Birmingham, Michigan, went home with an image of Sameer Eid imprinted on their brains — specifically, his outsize, curling mustache.

“The mustache is first,” said Eid, Phoenicia’s 80-year-old founder. “I come second.”

He believes his customers wouldn’t recognize him if he shaved. “My wife and myself are stopped in airports,” he said. “People ask me, ‘Are you the Monopoly guy?’”

Eid’s son, Samy, is now in charge of running Phoenicia and the family’s two other restaurants, Leila, in nearby Detroit, and Forest, also in Birmingham. Leila, which GQ magazine named one of the best new American restaurants of 2020, has been closed since March, when stay-at-home orders were issued in Michigan, while Forest and Phoenicia remain open for takeout and delivery.

Keeping the elder Eid away from the restaurants for the sake of his health has been “one of the more depressing parts” of the shutdown, his son said.

Before the pandemic, Sameer Eid wasn’t exactly retired. He woke at 5 a.m. three times a week, as he had for nearly 50 years, to buy produce and meat at the Detroit Produce Terminal or at Eastern Market. He started the habit a few years after opening the first version of Phoenicia in Detroit in 1971. “I must have gone through 15 purveyors,” Eid said of those early days. “They couldn’t understand, I want what I want, not what you want to sell me.”

Phoenicia moved to its current site in 1982. The new space was an upgrade, in both size and appearance, from the diner-style original. But the food stayed the same, even if it was served on white tablecloths: traditional Middle Eastern mezze (hummus, stuffed eggplant, tabbouleh), kofta kebabs, broiled chicken with toum, all made with Eid’s hand-picked ingredients.

Phoenicia’s food is what Eid ate growing up in Marjayoun, Lebanon. A notable exception is one of the restaurant’s best-sellers: barbecue pork ribs. “My dad went to college in Denton, Texas, and fell in love with barbecue,” said Samy Eid, 40. “The kebabs go like crazy, so does the fattoush. But people really love our baby back ribs.”

Samy Eid took over the restaurant in 2009, but his father continued to be very much a part of it, returning to Phoenicia to serve as host for dinner service every night. “Literally, it’s entertainment for me,” Sameer Eid said. “I love to go back to the restaurant, to see my friends at the restaurant.”

He regards Samy’s entry into the family business as “the great blessing of my life.” But he still doesn’t understand why his son won’t grow a mustache like his. “Poor guy, he refuses to do that,” he said. “Why?”

Recipe: Toum (Garlic Whip)

Total time: 15 minutes, plus chilling

1 cup peeled garlic cloves (about 32 cloves, from 3 to 4 whole heads)

2 1/2 teaspoons kosher salt

1/2 cup fresh lemon juice (from 3 to 4 lemons)

3 1/2 cups canola oil or grapeseed oil

1. Place peeled garlic and salt in the bowl of a food processor. Pulse the garlic for 30 seconds, scrape down the sides of the bowl, then repeat three more times until garlic is finely chopped.

2. Add 2 tablespoons lemon juice and continue processing until a smooth paste forms, about 3 minutes, scraping down the sides of the bowl every 45 seconds or so. You want the wet, finely chopped garlic mixture to end up with a texture similar to mashed potatoes. Pinch it between your fingertips, and it should no longer feel gritty. (If you don’t blend the garlic enough at this stage, it won’t become fluffy and emulsified later.)

3. With the food processor running, start incorporating 1 cup oil, drizzling it in at a slow, steady stream. Once the oil is incorporated, slowly add another 2 tablespoons lemon juice. Repeat this step with another 1 cup oil, then another 2 tablespoons lemon juice. By the end, the mixture should have a fluffy consistency.

4. With the food processor running, alternate adding 1/2 cup oil in a slow, steady stream, then 1 tablespoon lemon juice. This should happen twice. Next, with the food processor running, add the remaining 1/2 cup oil in a slow stream until totally incorporated, then do the same for the ice water.

5. Once finished, transfer to a lidded container and refrigerate for at least 1 hour. Toum will keep, refrigerated, for up to 3 weeks.

(Recipe from Samy Eid of Phoenicia)

Tagliatelle With Prosciutto and Butter

Felix Trattoria, Venice, California

At its best, Felix is electric.

On a busy Friday or Saturday night before the pandemic, customers flocked in droves to the Venice neighborhood of Los Angeles for some of the best handmade pasta in the country. All 100 seats were filled by an eclectic mix of locals, tourists and, as in most buzzy California restaurants, celebrities. (The chef, Evan Funke, counts Jay-Z and Beyoncé as fans.)

The music was intentionally familiar — some James Brown or ’90s hip-hop, occasional trap or classic rock — but never too loud, lest it disrupt the olfactory experience. Funke, 41, considers the scent of the restaurant even more welcoming than the vibe.

“If the track pulls too hard, none of those beautiful aromas can weep into the dining room,” he said. “When you walk into Felix, you can smell the orecchiette Pugliese, the Genovese and the Bolognese. You smell the pizza, the salame piccante. It’s this one amazing perfume that is the cumulative effect of everything that’s going on in the restaurant.”

The seating hugs the heart of Felix, an open kitchen where cooks used to knead, cut and fold up to 75 pounds of pasta on a typical day. Funke said his pasta laboratorio “isn’t just built as theater and conversation piece” its true purpose is to connect pasta-maker and guest. For Funke, the act of making pasta is not only about preserving a rich history of more than 2,000 years it’s also about hospitality. “That connection is really important to me,” he said.

After Mayor Eric Garcetti halted dine-in service across Los Angeles, Funke struggled with the decision that faced everyone in the industry: to close, or pivot to a new business model. Two days later, the restaurant celebrated for ornate, delicate handmade pasta was serving takeout.

“I have people on my staff that live paycheck to paycheck, just like every other restaurant in the United States,” Funke said. He described his staff as an extended family. “We stayed open so our staff could put food on the table.”

But adapting a fine-dining restaurant for takeout is a challenge. There is no way to control the temperature and structure of cooked pasta for delivery. “I’m a student of consistency,” Funke said. “In this business, if you’re not consistent, you have nothing.”

Instead, the restaurant created pasta kits, pairing 14 or 15 fresh varieties — eight or so made fully by hand, and the rest extruded — with pesto Genovese, arrabbiata and other classic sauces suited to each size and shape, and providing careful instructions for cooks to prepare the dishes at home. Down to one full-time and one part-time pasta-maker, Felix is still producing more than 65 pounds of pasta daily.

While the open kitchen was a draw for customers, it also allowed the staff a window on its audience. “That’s why we do it, to see the reaction of our guests, to feel that they’re satisfied.” Funke said. “We’ve been reduced to these 90-second interactions when people pick up, and that’s literally what’s been sustaining us as a group.”

Recipe: Tagliatelle With Prosciutto and Butter

6 tablespoons unsalted butter

2 ounces prosciutto, torn into bite-size pieces

Kosher salt and black pepper

3/4 pound handmade fresh tagliatelle or store-bought tagliatelle

1/2 cup finely grated Parmigiano-Reggiano, plus more for garnish, if desired

1. Bring a large pot of water to a boil over high heat.

2. In a large skillet, melt the butter over medium-high heat until frothy and golden, about 1 minute. Add half the prosciutto in one flat layer. Cook until crisp, 1 to 2 minutes, then transfer cooked prosciutto to a paper towel-lined plate. Repeat with remaining prosciutto, leaving it in the skillet, and remove skillet from heat.

3. Season the boiling water lightly with salt. When the salt dissolves, add the tagliatelle and cook until toothsome and slightly undercooked, 2 to 4 minutes or according to package instructions.

4. Just before your pasta is ready, return the skillet to the heat and warm over medium. Do not drain the pasta, but use a slotted pasta fork or tongs and transfer the cooked pasta directly to the skillet. Working quickly, add 1/2 cup Parmigiano-Reggiano and about 1/4 cup of the pasta cooking water and swirl vigorously to emulsify, jostling the pan at the same time, and cook just until sauce is silky, about 1 minute.

5. Divide the pasta among shallow bowls, sprinkle with pepper and remaining prosciutto and serve immediately, along with more Parmigiano-Reggiano if desired.

(Recipe adapted from Evan Funke’s pasta cookbook, “American Sfoglino,” Chronicle Books, 2019)

Brennan’s, New Orleans

Bananas Foster is a dessert prepared tableside, over a live flame, as well as a source of dining-room drama — and potential danger. The fire that rises off the pan can be seen tables away, stoking anticipation even in diners who have just started on their appetizers.

“The challenge with bananas Foster is to keep the flame low,” said Ralph Brennan, who grew up eating the dish at Brennan’s. “When the pan gets real hot, there can be a mini-explosion. I can remember one incident where they singed a lady’s fur coat.”

The dessert was invented in 1951, when Owen Brennan, the restaurant’s founder and Ralph Brennan’s uncle, requested a special dessert for an important guest. Ella Brennan, Owen’s sister, collaborated with Paul Blangé, one of the early chefs at the Brennan family’s original restaurant, and a headwaiter. Their creation became a kind of family heirloom that’s now served all over New Orleans.

“My aunt came up with this idea to use brûléed bananas,” said Ralph Brennan, 68, now an owner of Brennan’s. “My grandmother had the habit of brûléeing bananas at home. Back in the day, the Port of New Orleans was one of the biggest importers of bananas into the United States.”

Bananas Foster can now be found in many forms in the city: bananas Foster cakes, sundaes, bread pudding. But there is no substitute for the original, live-action version, spooned over melting vanilla ice cream.

Brennan’s has been closed, and its hourly staff laid off, since the government issued stay-at-home orders in March. No date has been set, but Ralph Brennan is looking forward to reopening — and resuming the bananas Foster tradition.

“It’s part of the cinema of dining,” he said. “The flaming of an item in a dining room is so rarely done these days. I can’t tell you how many people sit there with their phones and take a video of the making of the dessert.”

Recipe: Bananas Foster

1 tablespoon unsalted butter

2 teaspoons dark brown sugar

1 banana, peeled, halved lengthwise and crosswise

1 teaspoon banana liqueur

1 ounce light rum (80- to 90-proof)

Vanilla ice cream, for serving

1. Melt butter and sugar in a small frying pan. Add banana pieces and sauté over medium heat until lightly browned, turning pieces once. Sprinkle with cinnamon. Remove pan from heat.

2. Add liqueur and rum to pan. To flambé, carefully light sauce with long-reach lighter. Spoon flaming sauce over the banana pieces until flame is extinguished.

3. Serve warm banana pieces and sauce over vanilla ice cream.

(Recipe adapted from Brennan’s by New York Times food editor Jane Nickerson in 1957)

Country Club Bakery, Fairmont, West Virginia

Chris Pallotta is not about to divulge the recipe for his bakery’s signature pepperoni rolls. But he did say that “the bread dough is probably the most important part of it.”

Pallotta, 42, doesn’t run just any bakery. He owns Country Club Bakery, in Fairmont, West Virginia, an Italian bakery opened by the man credited with first selling the rolls commercially, Giuseppe Argiro. The snack is the unofficial state food of West Virginia, a yeasted shelf-stable roll that at Country Club Bakery envelops three pencil-size pepperoni sticks.

Country Club sells the baseline standard for a pepperoni roll, said Candace Nelson, the author of “The West Virginia Pepperoni Roll.” You can find pepperoni rolls just about anywhere in the state — bakeries, restaurants, school cafeterias, grocery stores and gas stations — but according to Nelson, “the pinnacle is the fresh, hot-from-the-bakery pepperoni roll.”

There are those who believe that the roll is best made with stick pepperoni, as it is at Country Club, and others who spread slices through the roll “like you would cards if you were doing a magic trick,” said Ronni Lundy, the author of the Appalachian cookbook “Victuals.” Ground pepperoni has a following, too.

Cheese, while initially controversial, has been embraced by many. But purists still want their rolls the way Country Club makes them: without. Some dip them in marinara sauce, and others slather them with mustard, Lundy said. “I am absolutely certain that there has to be a secret cult somewhere that puts ranch dressing on it,” she said.

The pepperoni roll wasn’t always so manifold. Argiro began selling his rolls sometime between 1927 and 1938, Nelson said, but it is likely that the wives of Italian immigrant coal miners were making them long before they were sold commercially. It was a way to combine the two foods that many miners took down to the shafts, a perfect lunch to eat with one hand in the cramped darkness.

Its portability and long shelf life have made it a popular wedding favor, and road trip and tailgate snack.

Country Club has been allowed to operate as an essential business during the pandemic, and the bakery continues to make as many as 4,200 pepperoni rolls a day. Pallotta, who bought the shop from the Argiro family in 1998, said supermarket orders had picked up as restaurant demand collapsed. “Our business is pretty steady,” he said.

At his bakery, the rolls are about the size of a hot dog bun, made of an Italian bread dough. “When you bake it, the grease from the pepperoni infiltrates the whole roll,” he said.

That pepperoni juice is the secret to finding the tastiest roll, Lundy said, offering the advice she was given at a food conference a few years back: “Pick it up and look at the bottom, and if it’s got red grease on the bottom, that’s a better one. That one’s going to be permeated with the pepperoni flavor.”

Recipe: Pepperoni Rolls

Total time: About 2 1/2 hours

1 cup (240 milliliters) warm water (110 to 115 degrees)

2 1/4 teaspoons active dry yeast (from 1 individual packet)

1 teaspoon maple syrup, sorghum syrup or honey

2 3/4 cups (350 grams) all-purpose flour, plus more for rolling

1 teaspoon olive oil, plus more as needed

1 (8-ounce/225-gram) pepperoni stick or 6 ounces pepperoni slices

1/4 cup (55 grams) unsalted butter (1/2 stick), melted

1. Add the warm water to a measuring cup. Stir in the yeast and syrup, then let stand for 5 minutes.

2. In the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the dough hook, add the flour, salt, 1 teaspoon oil and yeast mixture. Pulse several times on low to combine, then knead on low until the dough pulls away from the sides of the bowl, about 5 minutes. The dough will be sticky.

3. Grease a large bowl with cooking spray or olive oil. Use floured hands to remove the dough from the mixing bowl and transfer it to the greased bowl. Cover the bowl using a damp towel, and let the dough sit in a warm place for 45 minutes to rise.

4. As dough rises, prepare the stick pepperoni (if using): Cut the pepperoni into 2 (5-inch) lengths. Cut each piece lengthwise into 3 slabs, then cut each of those slabs lengthwise into 3 even batons, forming a total of 18 pieces, each 5 inches long and about 1/3-inch wide.

5. Lightly spray or oil a baking sheet. When the dough is ready, use floured hands to remove the dough from the bowl and transfer it to a floured surface. Cut it into 6 equal portions, about 4 ounces each, and roll them into balls. Place the balls on the prepared baking sheet. Spray or lightly oil the top of each ball of dough and cover the baking sheet lightly with plastic wrap. Let sit for 20 minutes.

6. Heat oven to 350 degrees. Uncover the dough. Using floured hands, remove a dough ball and place it on a floured work surface. Either roll or stretch the dough into a 6-by-8-inch rectangle. (Be careful not to make the dough too thin, or it will be hard to roll up the pepperoni.)

7. Set a 6-inch edge of the rectangle facing you. Starting about 1 1/2 inches from the short edge closest to you, place 3 pepperoni sticks crosswise on the dough, leaving about 1 1/2 inches between each stick.

8. Take the dough edge closest to you, fold it over the first pepperoni stick, adhering the top layer of dough to the bottom layer of dough, and then proceed to make 2 more folds away from you to enrobe the remaining 2 pepperoni sticks. If using slices, imagine separating your dough into thirds by creating 2 crosswise rows of pepperoni, each overlapped like a spread of cards, 6 pepperoni slices wide. Fold the dough closest to you over the first row of pepperoni slices, then fold up the dough to cover the second row of pepperoni slices, so the pepperoni and dough form alternating layers.

9. Return the roll to the baking sheet, setting it seam-side down. (Resist the urge to tuck in or fold over the shorter ends.) Repeat this process with the remaining dough balls and pepperoni sticks or slices.

10. Brush the rolls with the melted butter and bake until golden brown and cooked through, 30 to 35 minutes. Remove from the oven and brush with any remaining butter. Let cool completely before serving.

(Recipe from the chef Travis Milton and featured in Ronni Lundy’s cookbook, “Victuals,” Clarkson Potter, 2016)

Pork Roast With Roasted Jalapeño Gravy

Taqueria del Sol, Atlanta

Taqueria del Sol is a small chain of laid-back restaurants in Georgia and Tennessee known for vibrant Mexican food with a charming Southern accent. Turnip greens laced with chile de arbol, shrimp and grits with jalapeño-tomato salsa and fried chicken tacos are just a few of the dishes customers have fallen for since Eddie Hernandez and Mike Klank opened the first of seven locations in Atlanta in 2000.

To food-world insiders, the Taquerias are considered some of the country’s first fast-casual restaurants, not quite fast-food and not quite full-service dining. Hernandez, 65, who learned to cook from his grandmother while growing up in Mexico, created the menu, and Klank, who has an engineering degree from the Georgia Institute of Technology, developed and employed efficiency measures. To their devoted customers, however, the restaurants are known for a small-town feel and menus that rarely change — a soothing balm to their patrons, especially during the pandemic.

“It’s very much an anchor of the community,” said Susan Puckett, a regular customer and a co-author with Hernandez of “Turnip Greens & Tortillas: A Mexican Chef Spices Up the Southern Kitchen.” She lives a short walk from the Taqueria del Sol in Decatur, Georgia.

“When it first happened, we didn’t want any of our favorite restaurants to close, but we thought, ‘God forbid anything happens to Taqueria,’” Puckett said. Seeing cars drive in and out of the parking lot, a sign that business is doing well, has relieved her fears. “It gives us a lot of comfort knowing that it’s still there.”

The transition from a dine-in restaurant to a bustling takeout joint has been relatively seamless for Hernandez and his staff. This is likely because of the counter-service system they already had in place, but also because of how they responded to the shutdown. “They’ve recreated themselves in a way that still feels like Taqueria,” Puckett said. “Other places are trying really hard, but it’s not the same.”

After giving employees two weeks off, they emptied the Decatur dining room of tables and set up an assembly line for food preparation. Staff members have their temperature taken before every shift, and wear gloves and masks. With more than 60 tequilas available, customers can order to-go cocktails in a plastic cup, or buy a bottle of Taqueria’s famous margarita mix to make their own at home. “We are doing really, really well,” Hernandez said.

As of April 27, Georgia restaurants were allowed to open dining rooms with a limited capacity of no more than 10 patrons per 500 square feet, but Hernandez has no plans to reopen anytime soon.“We won’t open at 50% capacity,” he said. “Catering the dining room is more complicated than to-go, and we have the most wonderful customers on the planet. We want to protect everybody, not just our employees.”

Recipe: Pork Roast With Roasted Jalapeño Gravy

1 tablespoon ground black pepper

1 tablespoon granulated garlic

1 tablespoon granulated onion

2 1/2 to 3 pounds boneless pork loin, with a good layer of fat on it

4 tablespoons plus 2 teaspoons all-purpose flour

2 cups pork stock or chicken stock, preferably homemade

1 teaspoon salt, plus more as needed

1. Heat oven to 475 degrees. Mix together salt, pepper, granulated garlic and onion. Place the pork on a rack set in a roasting pan and sprinkle the roast with the spice mixture, rubbing it lightly so it adheres to the meat.

2. Roast for 30 to 40 minutes or until the pork reaches an internal temperature of 145 degrees. If the fat begins to get too dark, tent with foil.

3. While the roast is cooking, make a roux for the gravy by melting the butter in a small saucepan set over medium heat. Add the flour all at once and whisk vigorously until smooth. When the mixture thins and starts to bubble, reduce the heat to low. Cook for 1 to 2 minutes, whisking slowly, until the mixture smells nutty and toasty and is still light colored. Cook for 2 more minutes, stirring occasionally, then set aside and let cool.

4. When the roast is done, cover and let it rest for at least 10 minutes. Reduce the oven to 450 degrees. Place the jalapeños in a small pan, brush with oil and roast for 6 minutes, or until soft. Remove the stems and some or all of the seeds and membranes, depending on how hot the peppers are and how hot you want the gravy. Dice the jalapeños.

5. Place the half-and-half, stock, salt and jalapeños in a medium saucepan and bring to a boil. Quickly reduce heat to medium. Cook for about 5 minutes, stirring occasionally, until slightly reduced. Stir in 4 tablespoons of the roux and simmer for 2 to 3 minutes, whisking continually, until the sauce is thickened and bubbly. Stir in a little more roux if needed to reach the desired thickness and, if desired, any accumulated juices from the roast. Slice the roast, cover in gravy and serve.

(Recipe from Eddie Hernandez of Taqueria del Sol)

Cinnamon Crunch Banana Bread

Bakesale Betty, Oakland, California

Like the Mona Lisa and the Cronut, lunch at Bakesale Betty in Oakland, California, generates a line long before opening time. Alison Barakat, the baker who took over this storefront on a busy corner of Telegraph Avenue in 2005, sells basic treats like strawberry shortcake and ginger cookies and just one sandwich: fried chicken with jalapeño coleslaw on a brioche bun.

It’s a perfect combination, especially eaten at one of the rickety ironing boards set up on the sidewalk as makeshift tables. When the line gets especially long, Barakat sometimes comes out in her signature blue wig, distributing cookies and calm.

She closed the bakery on March 14, days before a lockdown took effect in the Bay Area. She has three young children to look after, but she also wanted to pause and think through the future of the business. “We’ve been in even more dire financial straits than this,” she said. (Bakesale Betty has expanded and contracted before.) “I want to be the local business that embraces change, and gets out in front of it.”

Barakat was born and raised in Sydney, where she started working in professional kitchens at 18. (She’s 46 now.) She worked in the early 2000s as a line cook at Chez Panisse, where she got her first taste of American fried chicken.

“It was like I never wanted to eat anything else,” she said.

Bakesale Betty was born as a stand at the North Oakland Farmers Market, where Barakat refined her baked goods with small twists like adding a crunchy cinnamon topping to banana bread. The shop finally got its big break last year: Alongside other local food businesses like the Filipino snack specialist Sarap Shop and Hot Dog Bills (home of the burgerdog), Bakesale Betty was selected as a vendor at the Golden State Warriors’ new arena in San Francisco, which opened last fall. But the NBA suspended all play on March 11, and there is no decision yet about resuming the season.

The original location has reopened on weekends only, baking seasonal pies like strawberry and apricot for pickup. Like many California restaurants, it is relatively well positioned for a permanent switch to outdoor-only dining. But if social distancing becomes a way of life, Barakat said, she worries that a key component of the experience that she created will be lost. “It’s all about the social experience when you’re in the line,” she said.

Recipe: Cinnamon Crunch Banana Bread

Total time: About 1 1/2 hours, plus cooling

Unsalted butter, for greasing

1 1/2 cups (190 grams) all-purpose flour

1 cup (200 grams) granulated sugar

1 teaspoon ground cinnamon

1/2 cup (120 milliliters) vegetable oil

1/4 cup (60 milliliters) honey

1 cup mashed ripe bananas (from 2 to 3 medium bananas)

1/4 cup (60 milliliters) warm water

1/4 cup (55 grams) brown sugar, preferably light brown or Demerara sugar

2 tablespoons granulated sugar

1 teaspoon ground cinnamon

1. Heat oven to 350 degrees. Butter a 9-by-5-inch loaf pan and line it with parchment or wax paper, leaving enough paper hanging over the sides to lift the cake out after baking. (This will prevent the topping from breaking when removing the bread from the pan.)

2. Prepare the batter: In a medium bowl, combine flour, granulated sugar, cinnamon, baking soda and salt. In a large bowl, using a sturdy whisk, beat together oil, eggs and honey until smooth. Stir in bananas and warm water. Add dry ingredients to egg-oil mixture and stir to blend. Pour batter into prepared pan.

3. Make the topping: In a small bowl, mix brown sugar, granulated sugar and cinnamon, using your fingers to break up any lumps. Sprinkle evenly over batter.

4. Bake until a tester inserted into the center comes out clean, about 1 hour, checking after 50 minutes. If topping shows signs of burning, reduce heat to 325 degrees.

5. Remove to a rack and let cool in pan for 30 minutes. Use the edges of the paper to lift the cake up and out. Place on a rack (leave the paper on) and let cool before slicing and serving.

(Recipe from Alison Barakat of Bakesale Betty’s)

Southern Macaroni and Cheese

Stingrays, New York City

Millie Peartree lost her restaurant in November, months before the rest of the industry felt the impact of COVID-19.

Her loss felt singular, the shuttering of her business unfair. Millie Peartree Fish Fry & Soul Food had built up a community in the Bronx, nourished it and received critical acclaim, but after a city inspection found unauthorized gas plumbing work in the building, gas service was cut, and the restaurant could no longer operate.

“It was one of those situations where, you know, you cry it out, you get upset, pick up the pieces and put things back together,” Peartree said.

Thanks to the support of friends and community — and pure perseverance — Peartree found a space a few blocks away in the Fordham neighborhood, put in an offer and was about to sign a new lease in early March, shortly before Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo issued stay-at-home orders. Fearful of what the restaurant business might look like in the coming months, she decided not to sign, which she counts as “a blessing in disguise.”

Instead, Peartree teamed up with the Harlem restaurant Stingrays to sell takeout soul food, and created what she calls her Essential Meals program. Largely funded by donations from customers and corporations, that operation prepares food in the Stingrays kitchen to serve essential workers across New York City.

She has distributed macaroni and cheese, jerk chicken and other soul food fare to employees at Elmhurst Hospital in Queens and other overwhelmed medical centers. She is also feeding members of her own Bronx community, including transit workers, police officers in the 52nd Precinct’s domestic violence unit, postal workers and even the morgue staff at Lincoln Medical Center.

Peartree’s original restaurant exuded warmth, from the Edison light bulbs and rustic wood walls to the food on the plate. And that food is just right for this moment: nourishing and nostalgic, comfort in a bowl.

Her fish fry was “old school,” she said. “It wasn’t a hybrid of anything, and people really appreciated that. We weren’t doing béchamel sauces, we weren’t doing macaroni and cheese with breadcrumbs on top we were doing traditional Southern mac and cheese, Lowcountry collard greens, simply cornmeal-crusted fish.”

Her updated menu is “kind of like a soul food Chipotle,” Peartree said. “It’s sweet, spicy, everything you want in a comfort meal.” She still serves her staples — the mac and cheese, hoppin’ John rice, jerk chicken — in a bowl, with an assortment of selected sauces and sides.

“You cannot let fear stop you from doing your passion, or what’s right,” she said. “If every doctor or nurse, every essential employee was scared to go outside, we wouldn’t have groceries, we wouldn’t have health care, we wouldn’t have mail. You have to put your fears aside to help other people.”

Recipe: Southern Macaroni and Cheese

Total time: 35 minutes, plus cooling

Kosher salt and black pepper

4 cups shredded extra-sharp cheddar (about 16 ounces)

1/2 cup unsalted butter (1 stick), melted

2 cups shredded Colby Jack (about 8 ounces)

1. Heat oven to 350 degrees. Bring a large pot of generously salted water to a boil. Add macaroni and cook according to package directions until a little under al dente, about 4 minutes. Transfer to a colander and rinse under cold water to stop cooking. Set aside.

2. In a large bowl, whisk milk and eggs. Add cooked macaroni, 2 cups extra-sharp cheddar, melted butter, 1 1/2 teaspoons salt and 1/2 teaspoon pepper, and stir until well combined.

3. Add half the macaroni mixture to a 9-by-13-inch baking dish in an even layer. Sprinkle 1 1/2 cups Colby Jack evenly on top. Spread the remaining macaroni mixture on top in an even layer. Cover with aluminum foil, transfer to the middle rack of the oven and bake for 20 minutes.

4. Remove from oven. Carefully remove and discard the aluminum foil. Top the macaroni mixture with the remaining 2 cups cheddar and 1/2 cup Colby Jack. Broil on top rack until cheese is browned in spots, 3 to 5 minutes. (The broiled cheese can go from golden to burnt fairly quickly, so keep a close eye on it.)

5. Remove from oven and let cool until the macaroni and cheese is fully set, 10 to 15 minutes. (The mixture may first appear jiggly, but it will firm up as it cools.) Serve warm.

(Recipe adapted from Millie Peartree of Millie Peartree Fish Fry & Soul Food)

Carne Asada Cheese Fries

Piper Inn, Aurora, Colorado

When Jed Levin’s grandfather opened the Piper Inn in 1968, customers would fly in for lunch. Farmers landed their Piper Cub crop-dusters at the nearby airstrip and walked over for a simple meal.

Now, the place sits amid big-box stores in Denver’s sprawl, ranks of Harley-Davidsons fill the parking lot and the menu is decidedly eclectic. “There isn’t a single item that doesn’t have a story behind it,” said Levin, 36, who now runs the place with his father, Rich, and sister, Piper.

At first, the restaurant served diner staples like grilled cheese sandwiches and hot hamburger (a patty on a slice of white bread, topped with gravy you eat it with a knife and fork). The first cook who left his mark on the menu was a guy from Buffalo who put the place ahead of the curve as a local destination for hot chicken wings in the 1970s.

That’s also when the inn gained a reputation as a biker-friendly bar. (Colorado, with its smooth highways and mountain views, is an international destination for motorcycle riders.) Benny Armas, who went on to start the Capitol Hill institution Benny’s in Washington, added chiles rellenos and enchiladas while he was in charge.

In about 1984, Kenny and Marcia Mah, a couple who had immigrated from Guangzhou, China, took over the kitchen and added a separate, successful Chinese American menu. They stayed for 37 years. As the menus gradually fused, the Piper Inn became known for — and still serves — the Mahs’ Chinese hot wings, pork fried rice and wonton soup, alongside tacos, Buffalo wings, BLTs and Bud Light. And the crowd is also famously diverse.

“It’s a quintessential Colorado mix and the most welcoming place,” said Patricia Calhoun, the founding editor of Westword, an independent online newspaper, who has lived in Denver since 1977. “There are people who love the danger of the open road, people who live in the suburbs but like the idea of the open road, and people whose idea of a taste of danger is a spicy hot chicken wing.”

When Jed Levin moved back to Denver to join the family business after a decade in Los Angeles, he added made-from-scratch soft tacos and the dish that has pulled in a new generation of food lovers: carne asada fries (a California-Mexican classic most easily described as nachos, but with French fries instead of tortilla chips). Fries smothered in green chile gravy are a regional classic in Colorado and New Mexico, so it wasn’t much of a leap to Piper Inn’s plate of crinkle-cut fries topped with grilled steak, beer cheese sauce, chopped onion and cilantro.

Under the coronavirus lockdowns, the restaurant is serving takeout food only, and Levin said that, to his surprise, he is doing close to a normal volume of business. When the restaurant closed on March 17, all 24 employees, including family members, were furloughed when federal Paycheck Protection Program funds came through in April, all but one were rehired. The near-term goal, he said last week: “al fresco dining in our parking area.”

Recipe: Carne Asada Cheese Fries

3/4 pound skirt steak or flank steak, cut into 1/2-inch cubes

1 1/2 tablespoons lime juice (from 1 lime)

1 tablespoon chili powder

1/4 teaspoon ground cayenne (optional)

4 ounces cream cheese, cubed

1/3 cup beer (preferably a lager or other beer without a pronounced flavor)

2 cups finely shredded sharp cheddar (about 8 ounces)

1/2 teaspoon Worcestershire sauce

1/2 teaspoon Dijon mustard

1/4 teaspoon garlic powder

1/4 teaspoon smoked or sweet paprika

1. Add steak to a medium bowl, and toss with the lime juice, chili powder, cayenne (if using), salt and pepper until thoroughly coated. Let marinate at room temperature while you prepare the remaining components.

2. Prepare the beer cheese: In a medium saucepan, melt the cream cheese over medium heat, stirring frequently, about 2 minutes. Add the beer in a slow stream, whisking until smooth. Let the foam die down, about 1 minute, then decrease heat to low and add the cheddar cheese one handful at a time, whisking until smooth before adding the next. Once you’ve integrated all the cheese, whisk in the Worcestershire, mustard, garlic powder and paprika. Season to taste with salt, cover and set aside, off heat. (Makes 1 1/4 cups.)

3. Prepare the garnish: In a small bowl, stir together the onion, cilantro and lime juice. Set aside.

4. Make the carne asada: Heat the oil in a large cast-iron skillet or griddle over medium-high. Add the meat, and cook, stirring occasionally, until browned and the sauce reduces to a glaze, 3 to 5 minutes.

5. Arrange cooked fries on a serving platter in an even layer, and drizzle beer cheese on top to taste. Top with the carne asada and onion-cilantro mixture. Serve with lime wedges, and crema, if desired.

(Recipe adapted from the Piper Inn, Denver)

La Scarola, Chicago

Armando Vasquez was a small and skinny 14-year-old when he came to the United States from Mexico in 1983, and found a job as a dishwasher at a diner in Carmel, New York. He started helping out in the kitchen, and jotted down recipes and prep notes in a notebook.

“I was this tough guy from Mexico who didn’t know how to cook,” he recalled recently. “But I could read the tickets, so I started working the line and taught myself to cook.”

When the head cook quit, Vasquez took over.

For years he worked at the restaurant and cleaned offices to cover living expenses and send money home to Mexico. In 1991, he moved to a Chicago suburb, where he hoped the lower cost of living would offer some relief. He worked at several restaurants including an Italian-American place where he learned to cook the classics, to which he sometimes applied his own special touches. (“I may have been the first person to add chipotle peppers to pasta,” he said.)

In 1998, he and Joseph Mondelli opened La Scarola, a two-room Italian American restaurant in Chicago. They had four employees and a used stove they’d bought for $50. “We put it together with a rubber band, basically,” Vasquez, 52, said of the restaurant. “If you look closely at the walls, you’ll see that they’re crooked because we built the walls.”

Twenty-two years later, they have 30 employees, and the still-crooked walls are covered with photographs of Vasquez posing with local celebrities and politicians. Before closing for dine-in service on March 17 because of the coronavirus, the restaurant was a bustling red-sauce joint known for generous portions of traditional dishes like chicken Vesuvio and penne alla vodka.

Upon closing, Vasquez’s main concern was keeping the 18 of the 30 employees who wanted to continue working. La Scarola offered local delivery and curbside pickup, but without liquor sales, it wasn’t making enough to pay them.

In late March, Vasquez got a call from a man in Schaumburg, a Chicago suburb, who wanted to know if La Scarola would deliver there. It’s a half-hour drive away, but Vasquez said he would if the man could find 10 other people in town to place an order. He got 40. Customers posted pictures of their meals on social media, and requests from nearby towns flooded in.

La Scarola now delivers a few times a week to the suburbs. Vasquez chooses the towns based on the requests he gets on the restaurant’s social media accounts. Customers text their orders directly to his personal phone, and he delivers to a parking lot for pickup. The service has been so popular that he has had to cap the number of orders at 40.

For now, Vasquez has landed a $322,000 federal loan and can pay his staff, but he is still not turning a profit. Asked about reopening with fewer seats to maintain social distancing, once Illinois allows it, Vasquez was not optimistic.

“It won’t make sense to open,” he said.

Recipe: Chicken Vesuvio

3 large russet potatoes (about 2 1/4 pounds), scrubbed, halved lengthwise, then cut into long 1-inch-wide wedges

5 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil

1 1/2 teaspoons dried oregano

3 pounds bone-in, skin-on chicken thighs (about 8 thighs)

Kosher salt and black pepper

4 tablespoons unsalted butter, cut into 4 slices

6 to 8 garlic cloves, thinly sliced

1 cup fresh or frozen green peas

Chopped Italian parsley, for serving

1. Heat oven to 425 degrees. In a 9-by-13-inch baking dish, toss the potato wedges with 3 tablespoons olive oil and 1/2 teaspoon oregano. Season with salt and pepper. Spread the potatoes out in an even layer. (It’s OK if some overlap). Bake, tossing gently once halfway through cooking, until the edges begin to brown, and the potatoes can be pierced with a fork but are still quite firm, about 30 minutes. (They’ll finish cooking with the chicken.)

2. While potatoes roast, prepare the chicken: Season the chicken with salt, pepper and the remaining 1 teaspoon oregano. In a large 12-inch skillet, heat the remaining 2 tablespoons olive oil over medium-high until it shimmers. Working in batches if necessary, cook the chicken, skin-side down, until it is golden brown, 8 to 10 minutes. Transfer the chicken to a plate.

3. Reduce heat to medium-low, add the butter and garlic to the skillet and cook until the butter is melted and the garlic is fragrant and just beginning to brown, 2 to 3 minutes. Add the chicken stock and wine to the skillet, bring to a simmer and cook for 2 minutes. Add the peas. Pour the mixture evenly over the potatoes, then gently stir to combine. Place chicken on top of the cooked potato mixture, skin-side up. Drizzle any reserved chicken juices on top.

4. Bake until the chicken is cooked through and the potatoes are tender, 20 to 25 minutes. Turn on the oven’s broiler function, and broil until the chicken skin is golden brown and crisp, 1 to 2 minutes. Drizzle with lemon juice, and sprinkle with parsley. Serve immediately, with plenty of the pan juices spooned over the chicken and potatoes, and crusty bread on the side.

(Recipe adapted from La Scarola, Chicago)

Perched on a bluff above Lake Union in Seattle, Canlis restaurant is an elegant midcentury vitrine. The view out over the glinting water is as much a part of a meal as any dish. As is the live piano player, who fills the room with everything from Sinatra to ethereal arrangements of Led Zeppelin and Jay-Z.

Under normal circumstances, this setting and the James Beard award-winning menu have made Canlis a go-to for occasion dining.

“I would say half of our dining room every night — or more than half — is filled with people who can’t afford dinner, meaning that they’ve saved up, they’ve borrowed a suit,” said Brian Canlis, 42, who runs the restaurant with his brother Mark, 45. “It’s a big deal. When the bill comes, it’s a significant moment. They’re not just sliding their black card across the table. It’s actually those people that make me love running this restaurant.”

Canlis said he most enjoyed “serving this wide-eyed couple on their first night away from the baby, who walk in insecure and having them walk out realizing this is their place, forever.”

This spirit of welcoming has been part of Canlis since his grandfather Peter Canlis opened the restaurant in 1950. “He wanted it to feel like you were dining in his home,” Brian said. “When you walk in there is a fireplace, not a host stand. You don’t get greeted by a maître d’. You get greeted by someone standing at the fire.”

Over decades, Canlis became a Seattle institution, settling into a menu of 20th-century fine-dining favorites — beef teriyaki, salmon steak, vichyssoise, crème brûlée and the trademark Canlis salad — albeit with a Pacific influence.

In 2008, the Canlis brothers took over operation of the restaurant from their parents. That year, they brought in Jason Franey from Eleven Madison Park. The menu was overhauled, becoming mostly a prix fixe format, and many of the old favorites fell away. In 2015, Brady Williams, came from Roberta’s, in Brooklyn, to take over the kitchen last year, he won the James Beard award for Best Chef Northwest, with dishes like “haiga rice simmered in a brown butter dashi with Dungeness crab, preserved strawberries and hazelnuts” and sea bream with “crisped scales, fig leaf curry, peppers and husk cherries.”

Today, Brian Canlis said, “The only old thing on the menu is the salad.”

And lately, you can get the salad delivered. Under Seattle’s lockdown order, the restaurant has been delivering community-supported agriculture boxes, bottled cocktails and family-style meals — as many as 600 a night — with servers repurposed as drivers. So far, the restaurant, which had significant cash on hand for a planned kitchen renovation, has kept its whole staff.

And while the fireplace and mesmerizing view of the lake can’t be delivered, it turns out that the hallmark piano performances can — by way of a live YouTube stream.

“We just have our piano player, on a camera, taking requests,” said Canlis, who added that the performances have had thousands of concurrent viewers. “They put it on their big TV and they have dinner. We were shocked at how much people loved the piano livestream. And it’s also jobs for our piano players.”

2 heads of romaine, outer leaves discarded, chopped

1 cup cubed fresh Italian bread

1/4 cup freshly squeezed lemon juice

Kosher salt and black pepper

1/2 cup scallions, thinly sliced

3/4 cup fresh mint, roughly chopped

1 tablespoon fresh oregano leaves, roughly chopped

12 cherry tomatoes, halved

3/4 cup freshly grated Romano cheese

1. Wash the lettuce in cold water, dry thoroughly and put in the refrigerator to chill.

2. In a large pan set over medium-high heat, fry the bacon until it is nearly crisp, then remove to a bowl. Drain off all but one tablespoon of fat, then add the bread cubes to the pan and toss to coat. Bring heat to low and toast, tossing the bread occasionally with a spoon until it is crisp. Remove to another bowl.

3. Make the dressing. Place a whole egg in its shell into a coffee cup, then pour boiling water over the top. Allow the egg to cook for 60 seconds, then remove it. Rinse with water until cool. In a mixing bowl, whisk together the lemon juice and olive oil, then crack the coddled egg into the bowl and whisk again, vigorously, to emulsify. Add salt and pepper to taste, then set aside.

4. In a salad bowl, combine cold lettuce, scallions, mint, oregano and the reserved bacon. Toss with enough dressing to coat the lettuce, then top with the tomatoes, the croutons and a goodly shower of cheese.

(Recipe adapted from Canalis, Seattle)

New England Clam Chowder

Eventide, Portland, Maine

For people who love eating out, oyster bars — like steakhouses and pizza joints — are a beloved subset. At single-subject restaurants, the goal isn’t to boggle your mind with a tasting menu or a spherified vegetable: it’s to satisfy you with a particular combination of taste and tradition.

At a good oyster bar, you can be sure that each bite will bring a chilling blast of brine, an immediate protein rush, and — with touchstones like tiny forks, halved lemons, cold white wine and cracked ice — a satisfying hit of ritual.

Even though Portland, Maine, is a great restaurant city and a major hub for Atlantic seafood, until Eventide opened in 2012 there wasn’t a local raw bar that served dry rosé as well as draft beer, or offered crusty bread instead of crackers in a rustling cellophane bag. The city needed “an oyster bar, a New England seafood shack and a sushi bar,” said Andrew Taylor, 39, one of the restaurant’s chef-owners (the other is Mike Wylie, 38). “We tried to do a combination of all three, but with solid technique.”

Like fan favorites Maison Premiere in Brooklyn and Petit Marlowe in San Francisco, Eventide pushes all the vintage-oyster-bar buttons, complete with marble counters, tin ceiling and a chalkboard with dozens of shellfish varieties. But it also has an overlay of Japanese flavors and New England tradition that produced its stellar chowders.

Strictly traditional Maine chowder is made from just four ingredients. The base is clams, because the brine they throw off when steamed open provides liquid for the soup. Then all that’s needed is potatoes for starch, cured pork for salt and fat, and milk for creaminess. (Most cooks now use whole milk or heavy cream, but the longtime default through winters and on fishing boats was canned evaporated milk.)

Fish chowder is also popular in New England, but it needs a little more help, which is where Japanese dashi comes in at Eventide. “I’m sure 95% of people wouldn’t know it’s there,” said Taylor, who runs Eventide and the neighboring restaurants Hugo’s and the Honey Paw with Wylie and a partner, Arlin Smith, 37. (They opened a satellite Eventide in Boston in 2017, to welcoming reviews.)

Dashi is the basic liquid used in Japanese cooking. It is brewed from kelp and water (and sometimes dried fish and mushrooms), producing a taste of pure oceanic umami. It’s like seawater, but with depth. Dashi, kombu and nori, different forms of seaweed, underlie a number of Eventide’s dishes, including fish chowders. “Shellfish and seaweed are part of the New England flavor profile too,” Taylor said, referring to traditional clambakes. (To be clear, no one eats the seaweed at a New England clambake.)

Shipments of Eventide’s signature lobster roll, which puts a fluffy Chinese bao in the place usually occupied by a hot dog bun and bathes the lobster meat in brown butter instead of plain melted butter, have kept the kitchen open even after the restaurant closed in mid-March. (It is gradually reopening, and taking orders via Instagram.)

Like many businesses in Maine, Taylor said, Eventide will have to bring in real money this summer — not half-capacity money, or takeout-and-delivery money — in order to survive. “That’s how it works here,” he said. “We build up a war chest over the summer, and use it to pay off debt for the rest of the year.”

Recipe: New England Clam Chowder

Total time: 1 hour 45 minutes

2 tablespoons kosher salt

12 cherrystone clams, rinsed clean

1 packet ( 1/4 ounce) unflavored gelatin powder

1/2 cup extra-virgin olive oil

1/2 cup minced chives (about 1 ounce)

1/2 pound russet potatoes (about 1 medium potato), peeled, cut into 8 pieces

1 cup plus 2 tablespoons heavy cream

Crushed black pepper to taste

2 cups chopped white or yellow onion (about 1 large)

1/4 pound thick-cut bacon, about 4 slices

6 potato chips, finely crushed

1. For clams and clam-broth jelly, fill a 6-quart pot halfway with water, add 1 tablespoon salt, and boil over high heat. Immerse 4 clams for 15 to 20 seconds, and remove. Working over a small bowl, shuck the 4 clams with a short sharp paring knife, reserving liquid they release. Reserve shelled clams in another small bowl. Return any stubborn clams to boiling water for a few seconds. Repeat, cooking 4 clams at a time, using all 12. Drain any accumulated clam juice into clam juice bowl, cover clams with plastic wrap, and chill in refrigerator for about 15 minutes.

2. Meanwhile, pour 1 1/2 quarts cold water into a large bowl and add ice cubes. Strain clam juice into another small bowl. (You should have about 1 cup add water if necessary.) Pour 3/4 cup clam juice into small saucepan, and heat over medium-low heat until it simmers. Soften unflavored gelatin in remaining clam juice. Pour hot clam juice over gelatin, and whisk until it dissolves. Set bowl of clam juice and gelatin halfway into ice-water bath, whisking often, for about 5 minutes, as the gel begins to set. Remove bowl when juice is barely set, but not firm.

3. For chive oil, heat 1/4 cup olive oil in a small saucepan until just smoking remove from heat. Add minced chives and 1/4 teaspoon salt, stirring to dissolve. Let cool for 10 minutes, purée in a blender, strain through a fine mesh strainer or coffee filter, and reserve.

4. For potato purée, boil 4 cups water in a small saucepan. Add 1 teaspoon salt and potatoes, and cook until fork-tender, about 15 minutes. Drain, reserving boiling water, and mash potatoes in medium bowl. Add 1 teaspoon olive oil, 1/2 teaspoon of salt and 6 tablespoons potato water, blending with an immersion blender or food processor until potatoes are a thick paste. Add 2 tablespoons cream, stirring, until potato is consistency of thickened cream. Thin further, if necessary, with potato water. Season to taste with salt and pepper. Keep warm, or warm before serving.

5. For onion jam, heat 2 tablespoons olive oil, 1/2 teaspoon salt and chopped onion in a medium skillet over medium-low heat and sauté, stirring frequently, until onion is very soft, but not caramelized, about 15 minutes. Purée in a food processor with 1 tablespoon olive oil until smooth season with salt to taste and reserve. Keep warm or warm before serving.

6. For bacon cream, lay bacon in a cold, medium skillet, and fry over medium-high heat, flipping several times, until crisp, about 5 minutes. Add 1 cup cream to pan with bacon still in it and turn off heat under pan. Allow to rest 5 minutes remove and reserve bacon strips from pan. Chop bacon finely, for use as a garnish. Keep cream warm but not hot, whipping to a froth in a bowl just before serving.

7. Assemble servings in 6 small shallow bowls. Spoon 2 tablespoons warm potato purée into each bowl. Add 1 tablespoon of warm onion jam, slightly off-center. Spoon 1 tablespoon bacon cream around edge of purées. Place a room-temperature clam in center of bowl. If clam broth jelly has solidified, pulse it with an immersion blender or whisk it until it is a loose gel, and spoon 1 teaspoon directly over clam in each bowl. Drizzle chive oil over dish. Garnish with reserved diced bacon and with pinches of crushed potato chips.

German Beef Rouladen Recipe – King of Meats

Every major event in our family, calls for the preparation of King of Meats and German Creamed Spinach. This was a very hard recipe for me to try and write down, as we just buy the ingredients and put it together – the more steak you buy, the more other ingredients you will need.

The original German Beef Rouladen recipe is from my children’s Grandmother, Gertrude Zemp. This is how she taught me to make rouladens. Roulades are also know as Rinderrouladen and German beef rolls.

I have had readers say that this recipe is not a true German Rouladen because there are no dill pickles in it. Well, Gertrude learned to make rouladens from her mother in Germany. Just like in the United States, different regions of Germany have their own variations of roulades.

Please check out my family’s German Rouladen Dinner Menu (includes recipes).

As you can see from this photo, our family really loves these Beef Rouladens. I always have to make a very large batch for the family. Unfortunately they do look like burned turds when cooked, but regardless of the look, they taste like heaven!

  • 3 pounds beef round steak*
  • Flour (all-purpose)
  • Salt and pepper to taste
  • 1 large onion, diced
  • Bacon slices
  • Vegetable oil
  • 3/4 cup dry white wine (or red wine)
  • Water

Cut steaks into strips measuring 3 to 4 inches wide. On a floured surface, coat steak strips with flour. Using a meat mallet, pound meat until thin, approximately 1/8 inches ( be careful not to pound holes in the meat) .

Season each steak strip with salt and pepper. Put a little chopped onion and 1/4 bacon slice onto the top of each steak strip.

To make rouladen, roll up (jelly-roll style) and tie well with cooking string. NOTE: Cooking string can be found in most supermarkets .

In a large frying pan over medium-high heat, heat vegetable oil. Add a rouladens and brown thoroughly on all sides, turning as necessary. As each roulade is browned, remove from frying pan and transfer onto a large plate.

When all the rouladens are browned and removed from the pan, add wine to the pan drippings and let simmer 1 minute (scraping up any browned bits on the bottom of the pan into the wine) .

In a large heavy baking pot or Dutch oven, place the rouladens and cover with the wine mixture add water to just cover the rouladens. Simmer gently 2 hours or until tender.

When I am make an extremely large batch or rouladen (which is most of the time), I bake them in the oven, covered with the wine mixture, until done. Bake at 350 degrees F. for approximately 2 1/2 hours or until tender when pierced with a fork.

When done, remove from heat and let cool. When cool, remove all the strings and place the roulades back into the wine mixture. At this point, refrigerate the rouladen in the wine mixture. This is an important step, as the rouladens gain more flavor if left sitting in the liquid for one day.

When ready to serve, place the rouladens, with the liquid, back in the oven or on the stove. Using medium to medium low heat, gently reheat the rouladens. Once heated and ready to serve, remove the rouladens from the liquid and place on a large platter.

Make the gravy: Add enough flour to thicken. Cook over medium heat, stirring constantly, until the mixture is thickened and bubbly, about 10 to 15 minutes. Season to taste with additional salt and pepper. Remove gravy from heat and transfer into a large serving bowl. Serve with the rouladens and enjoy!

* You can also substitute flank steak.

Comments from readers:

I would so like to comment that this recipe does not have pickles or mustard. Our family does it both ways. My Aunt in Hamburg uses mustard and no pickles. My mom, who was a professional cook for a manor in Germany, used NO pickles and no mustard. Others in Germany use both. Personally I prefer my Mother’s recipe, as the broth she used was the key. The broth was made from scratch with beef bones. I use neck bones(or even oxtails), and lots of leeks, onion, celery root, and carrots. The more Fragrant the broth, the better the sauce. We chop onion and raw bacon and put as much of the onion and bacon in the middle as is possible. We omit the wine from the sauce, but that would be an interesting twist. – Gerda Siewert (8/24/08)

I made rouladens tonight and was amazed at your recipe being just like my mothers. She was born in Germany and came to the U.S.A. in 1928. It certainly brought tears to my eyes seeing your recipe, exactly like my mom made it. My mother never used pickles either. I believe the Polish used pickles in their beef roll ups. My mother in law is Polish and by the way is 97 years young. She always makes her roll ups with the pickle. Thank you for sharing a wonderful German recipe! – Dolores (10/20/06)

My birthday is tomorrow and my daughter and her hubby are coming into town. Since I live alone and HAVE to cook for myself to cook for others is a JOY! So I was browsing to get some different ideas. I came upon your Rouladen recipe….TIME WARP. I haven’t thought about or tasted them since I was a kid! I never knew the name of them, but it’s the very same that I had as a child (both sides of grandparents were German). This is A MUST!! I’ve never made this for my kids, as I said I had totally forgotten about it, so it will be a new experience for my daughter, and since my grandparents AND parents have since passed on and it will be MY birthday…I’m going to have some good old COMFORT FOOD! Thank you for the idea. Also doing the garlic mashed potatoes and the creamed spinach. Thanks again! – Linda (1/05/07)

I was amazed to find this recipe on line! My hard drive crashed and died, and among the forever-lost files was my mother’s recipe, which she got from my German grandmother – and definitely no pickles or mustard. It’s almost exactly identical with what I remember. It also had a name of unknown origin/spelling – something like “Sirossi” which is how we still refer to it. The only difference is my mother would have the butcher slice 1/4-inch slices of top round and didn’t pound the meat. I think she might have cooked the bacon first, too. My grandmother died in 1945, and now my mother is gone now, so am very happy this particular version lives on. – Joelle (3/04/07)

The first time you try grits, you probably wonder what the heck it is. For those who grew up eating grits (Southern US), it’s something they can’t live without! A dish made from coarsely ground corn kernels, grits can be extremely versatile. Typically found in savory versions, they can also be made sweet. A classic dish is shrimp and grits, but grits are also a popular breakfast item, in place of oatmeal. Any which way, they are extremely satisfying.

Watch the video: The Leaning Tower of Bacon. US of Bacon (August 2022).